Fellah H, Sebbagh I, Chabni N, Benyahia D, Benmeddah S and Chaif S
Abou Bakr Belkaid University, Algeria
Posters & Accepted Abstracts: J Clin Cell Immunol
Onychomycosis is a major public health problem with a high incidence. The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence of various causative agents of onychomycosis and the pathology associated at this infection in Tlemcen city in Algeria. A prospective study was conducted from September 2015 to March 2016 in university hospital center of Tlemcen in Algeria. The nails were evaluated clinically and the nail samples were subjected to direct microscopy and culture. 73% samples were found to be positive by direct microscopy and culture. Diabetes, circulatory disorders, trauma, immunodeficiency diseases, psoriasis and malposition of the toes are the pathology associated to onychomycosis. Distolateral subungal onychomycosis was the most common clinical type of infection which was seen in 74,73% patients. The aetiological agents were yeasts (63,33%) and dermatophytes (36,67%). Among dermatophytes, Trichophyton rubrum was the commonest aetiological agent. In our study, the mycological examination is the key for the positive diagnosis of onychomycosis. Although yeasts were the main causative agents.