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Mana Mubarak Alshahrani, Sultan Mohammed Alshahrani, Ibrahim Saeed Alarfaj and Shamsun Nahar
King Faisal Medical City, Southern Region, Abha, Saudi Arabia
Psychiatry and Sleep Medicine department, King Abdullah Bin Abdulaziz University Hospital, Princess Nourah Bint Abdul Rahman University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
Khamis Mushat Family Medicine Program, Armed Forces Hospital, Southern Region, Saudi Arabia
Family and Community Medicine Department, College of Medicine, King Khalid University, Abha, Saudi Arabia
Posters & Accepted Abstracts: J Sleep Disord Ther
Background: Obstructive sleep apnoea (OSA) is a prevalent condition affecting at least 2% to 4% of the adult population. Patients are not routinely screened for symptoms of OSA as a part of their initial medical evaluation. Objectives: To identify the prevalence and correlates of individuals who are at risk of OSA among adults attending to family medicine centers in Military Hospital in Khamis Mushait city, KSA. Subjects and methods: A cross-sectional study was carried out utilizing the Berlin Questionnaire to identifying patients who are at high risk for OSA among adult attendees of family medicine centers in Military Hospital in Khamis Mushait city, KSA. The study was conducted between October 1st and December 31st, 2015. An interview questionnaire including in addition to Belin questionnaire, demographic and personal data, smoking and medical history was utilized. In addition, Anthropometric measures including body weight, height, body mass index (BMI), neck circumference (NC) and waist /hip ratio for central obesity were measured. Results: The study included 413 patients. Their age ranged between 18 and 93 years with a mean of 39.6Ã?Â±13.5 years. Slightly more than half of them (217; 52.5%) were females. Approximately half of the participants (201; 48.7%) were obese and 124 (30%) were overweight. Sixty-one subjects, representing 14.8% of the participants were at high risk of obstructive sleep apnea. Snoring was present in 37.3% of the subjects. Results of multivariate logistic regression analysis revealed that females were less likely to be at high risk of obstructive sleep apnea compared to males (AOR=0.24 95% CI: 0.10-0.54, p=0.001). Obese subjects were at higher risk of obstructive sleep apnoea compared to normal subjects (AOR=12.67 95% CI: 3.00-53.55, p=0.001). Current smokers were more likely to be at higher risk of obstructive sleep apnoea compared to non-smokers (AOR=3.46 95% CI: 1.25-9.58, p=0.017). Patients with history of chronic diseases were at higher risk of obstructive sleep apnea compared to those without history of chronic diseases (AOR=2.96 95% CI: 1.50-5.81, p=0.002).
Mana Mubarak Alshahrani is from King Faisal Medical City, Southern Region, Abha, Saudi Arabia. The study has shown that a considerable proportion of adults attending family medicine centers in Khamis Mushait, KSA are at higher risk for Obstructive sleep apnea. Males, smokers, obese and those with history of chronic diseases were at higher significant risk for OSA compared to their counterparts.
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