Iranian phytochemicals constituent of medicinal and aromatic plan | 43394
Medicinal & Aromatic Plants

Medicinal & Aromatic Plants
Open Access

ISSN: 2167-0412

Iranian phytochemicals constituent of medicinal and aromatic plants as source of bioactive in natural products

Joint Event on 4th World Congress on Medicinal Plants & Natural Products Research and 12th Global Ethnomedicine & Ethnopharmacology Conference

August 08-09, 2018 Osaka, Japan

Mohammadbagher Rezaee

Research Institute of Forests and Rangelands, Iran

Posters & Accepted Abstracts: Medicinal & Aromatic Plants

Abstract :

There are a lot of historical evidences revealing the Iranian traditional use of plant species that dates back to 6000 years ago. However, and organize these documents around 2500 years ago. Those physicians used medicinal plants like Avicenna, Rhazes and Jorjani appeared during 1400 years ago. From that time or traditionally herbs, animal, minerals and even some insects are used in natural products. Iranian botanists have led to recognition of around 150 spontaneous families of angiosperms containing 124 dicotyledonous, 22 monocotyledonous, 4 gymnosperm families totally containing about 1450 genera and 8000 species which nearby 2000 species are endemic of Iran. At present more than 2000 species have economic value and used in natural products. Cultivation of medicinal plants in different ecological zone, like thyme (Thymus vulgaris) in the center of Iran, fennel in the West and center of Iran, show the highest yield as leaf, flower and seed in plants, also accumulated the highest amount of essential oil are normally do it with Iranian former. At present there are at least 1300 formulated medicinal plants or natural products at pharmacies in Iran. The some Iranian exports of medicinal plants are gum from Pistachio atlantica, Asteragalus gummifera and Ferula gummosa, root of Glycyrrhiza glabra and seed of Cuminum cyminum. However most of these researches are based on the introduction and usage of various plants taken from the nature, herbalist or traditional medicine documents. The presentation will be in phyto-chemical of medicinal and aromatic plants as Rosa damascena. The main constituents of essential oil by traditional distilation were n-nonadecane (33.1%), geraniol (14.6%), n-heneicosane (13.2%) and laboratory essential oil samples were extracted by hydro distillation method which was designed by authors in (Research Institute of Forests and Rangelands) RIFR. The main constituents in plan-1 were geraniol (21.8%), n-nonadecane (21.3%) and citronellol (12%). Main components of primary essential oils were citronellol (33.5%), cis-p-menth-2-en-1-ol (7.3%) and geraniol (7.2%). Punica granatum, is one of the oldest edible fruits, seed oil for treating menopausal symptoms, used as a gargle for sore throat, extraction of arils and peel contents phenolics compounds (antioxidant capacity is very high) in the pomegranate juices, extracts potently suppress proliferation, xenograft growth and invasion of human prostate cancer cells. So these compounds are valuable for using in pharmaceuticals products in Iranian factories.

Biography :