Inflammation of palatine tonsils: Characterization of T cells fun | 57680
Journal of Clinical and Cellular Immunology

Journal of Clinical and Cellular Immunology
Open Access

ISSN: 2155-9899

Inflammation of palatine tonsils: Characterization of T cells function

10th International Conference on Clinical and Cellular Immunology

August 06-07, 2018 | Madrid, Spain

Katharina Geissler, Robby Markwart, Robert Pasca Requardt, Cynthia Weigel, Katja Schubert, Ignacio Rubio and Orlando Guntinas Lichius

Jena University Hospital, Germany

Scientific Tracks Abstracts: J Clin Cell Immunol

Abstract :

Statement of the Problem: Inflammation of the palatine tonsils, an easily accessible secondary lymphoid tissue, is one of the most common diseases in otolaryngology. In context of chronic tonsillitis (CT) and peritonsillar abscess (PTA) the functionality of tonsillar immune cells, notably T cells, is poorly understood. Methodology & Theoretical Orientation: Patients presenting with CT (n=10) or unilateral PTA (n=7) underwent bilateral tonsillectomy. T cells were purified via automated magnetic selection and were identified by using flow cytometry-based immunophenotyping. In addition, cytokine release for IFN√?¬≥, TNF and IL2 was measured. Findings: Tonsils from CT harbored more regulatory T cells, CD69(+) T cells, PD-1(+) CD4(+) T cells, pointing to T cell exhaustion due to chronic infection. After T cell receptor stimulation, the concentration of released cytokines increased. Higher concentration in tonsil tissue of peritonsillar abscess was measured for TNF und IL2. Conclusion & Significance: Our study documents differences in tonsillar T cell function between CT and PTA by eliciting specific immunological responses in chronic versus acute settings of inflammation.

Biography :

Katharina Geissler works as ENT Doctor at the ENT Department of the Jena University Hospital and has her expertise in analysis of T cell function in human palatine tonsil and other clinical aspects of chronic tonsillitis and tonsillectomy like pain therapy after tonsillectomy. Actually she works on organ models of nasopharyngeal and palatine tonsils.


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