Increases in group-2 innate lymphoid cells are inhibited by gluco | 8496
Immunome Research

Immunome Research
Open Access

ISSN: 1745-7580


Increases in group-2 innate lymphoid cells are inhibited by glucocorticoid treatment in allergic airway inflammation in human

International Conference on Autoimmunity

October 13-14, 2016 Manchester, UK

Qing-Ling Fu, Qiu-Ning Yu, Yubiao Guo and Weiping Tan

Sun Yat-sen University, China

Posters & Accepted Abstracts: Immunome Res

Abstract :

Background: Group-2 innate lymphoid cells (ILC2s) was closely associated with the human allergic disease such as asthma and allergic rhinitis. However, the effects of ILC2s to the severity of illness and the correlation between ILC2s and glucocorticoid treatment, is not well understood. Objective: The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of glucocorticoid treatment on ILC2 levels in asthma patients. Methods: The patients of asthma, asthma with allergic rhinitis were received the treatment of glucocorticoid for 3 months. The peripheral blood monocytes (PBMCs) from the subjects including healthy subjects were detected directly or cultured with IL-2, IL-25 and IL-33 and then detected for ILC2s using flow cytometry. The ILC2s were sorted and stimulated with the glucocorticoid. ELISA was used to measure the cytokines of IL-5 and IL-13 in the plasma or cell-free supernatant. Results: The levels of ILC2s in blood were greater in the asthma group and asthma with allergic rhinitis patients compared to healthy subjects. The ILC2 levels significantly decreased at 1 or 3 months after glucocorticoid treatment. There were dramatically production of IL-5 and IL-13 in patient PBMCs cultured with IL-25 and IL-33. Furthermore, glucocorticoid significantly inhibited the function of ILC2s in vitro. The PBMCs from patients produced dramatic production of IL-5 and IL- 13 responded to IL-2, IL-25 and IL-33 compared to healthy subjects. Conclusion: ILC2 levels in asthma and asthma and allergic rhinitis were decreased with the treatment of glucocorticoid.

Biography :