Yousif M Makeen, Wan Hasiah Abdullah, Khairul Azlan Mustapha and Mohammed Hail Hakimi
University of Malaya, Malaysia
Taiz University, Yemen
Scientific Tracks Abstracts: J Fundam Renewable Energy Appl
Malaysia and Asian region have a number of petroleum-bearing sedimentary basins commonly associated with coal and carbonaceous shale strata. Shales are the common source rocks of conventional petroleum resources whilst coal although a source for conventional liquid hydrocarbons, are more widespread as unconventional resources, such as cannel coal and coal bed methane (CBM). Coals within the oil and gas producing provinces of Malaysia and SE Asian region in general are known to be oil-prone. However, with the inevitable decline in conventional petroleum, remaining hydrocarbons will be more difficult to find and more expensive to develop. Set against the backdrop of world energy consumption projected to increase 49% by 2035, alternative sources of energy are being sought. Petroleum geoscientists are exploring unconventional source/reservoir systems such as the carbonaceous shale, oil shale, tight sand, coal bed methane and fractured basement. In this study, shale and siltstone which are an importance sedimentary facies for hydrocarbon exploration in the eastern Chenor, Pahang have been investigated using organic geochemical and petrological methods as well as Micro-CT, SEM (Scanning Electron Microscope). The tertiary sediments of eastern Chenor show a general trend of low thermal maturity based on vitrinite reflectance measurements (<0.5% Ro) and Tmax (<435 oC). Organic petrological studies revealed that analyzed carbonaceous shale and shales are rich in liptinite macerals (>20 vol.%) such as aliginite (Botryococcus algae), sporinite, cutinite and amorphous organic matter indicating oilprone Type-I and Type-II kerogens. Pyrolysis data also show a trend from predominant oil-prone Type-I and II kerogens to mixed oil and gas-prone Type II-III kerogens within the studied samples except for the siltstones samples which have low HI value indicating no potential for hydrocarbon generation. The EOM result shows that all the carbonaceous shale samples possess excellent values for the bitumen/EOM and hydrocarbon (HC) content. The studied shale samples have very good petroleum potential. However, analyzed siltstones show poor to fair petroleum potential based on for the bitumen/EOM and hydrocarbon (HC) content. This is supported by plots of TOC content versus extractable organic matter (EOM) and hydrocarbon yields versus TOC content commonly used in estimating the hydrocarbon generative potential of the source rocks.
Yousif M Makeen has completed his BSc degree in Applied Geology from University of Malaya, Malaysia in 2011. His MSc was converted to PhD by the University Senate based on his excellent performance. His professional career began in 2015, when he received his PhD from University of Malaya. His research interests are in oil, source rock characterization and petroleum systems modeling. He has published 20 papers in ISI journals and conducted many consultation projects for major oil companies. He is currently a Post-doctoral Research Fellow at the University of Malaya.