Food security versus lignocellulosic ethanol in Brazil
Journal of Fundamentals of Renewable Energy and Applications

Journal of Fundamentals of Renewable Energy and Applications
Open Access

ISSN: 2090-4541

Food security versus lignocellulosic ethanol in Brazil

2nd International Congress and Expo on Biofuels & Bioenergy

August 29-31, 2016 Sao Paulo, Brazil

Mauro Donizeti Berni, Paulo Cesar Manduca and Luiz Gustavo Antonio de Souza

State University of Campinas, Brazil

Posters & Accepted Abstracts: J Fundam Renewable Energy App

Abstract :

Around mitigation policies and global macroeconomics changes, it can be realized the spreading of sugarcane ethanol production in southeast of Brazil. This is partly consequence of deregulatory moving in the 90√ʬ?¬?s and the revival of that sector to supply flex fueled fleet demand after 2003. This moving has inspiring debates in two antagonistically lines: the first one assumes that the regional moving of sugarcane to both Brazilian Central-West (Centro-Oeste) and North (Norte) regions can compete against food crops potentially affecting Brazilian food security and putting in risk the Amazon biome. In the other hand, from a positive point-ofview, it assumes that the lignocellulosic ethanol can increase the efficiency and the productivity of ethanol and others derivatives on biochemistry chain which means the adoption of more fibrous and less sugary variety of cane (energy cane). The target of this paper is to verify the benefits of this new step of ethanol production (2G) in the context of climate changes, facing the risk of decrease of food supply and pushing cattle√ʬ?¬?s to forestland. The potential tradeoff between lignocellulosic ethanol and food security can widen the debate on bioenergy as way to mitigate climate changes. In this way this paper will elucidate that debate in order to allow policymakers to correct focus to a more adequate way to promote renewable energy.

Biography :

Email: [email protected]