Extremophilic bio-distribution in harsh environments with outlook | 12156
Journal of Aeronautics & Aerospace Engineering

Journal of Aeronautics & Aerospace Engineering
Open Access

ISSN: 2168-9792


Extremophilic bio-distribution in harsh environments with outlook to astrobiology

4th International Conference and Exhibition on Satellite & Space Missions

June 18-20, 2018 | Rome, Italy

Joseph Seckbach

The Hebrew University of Jerusalem, Israel

Scientific Tracks Abstracts: J Aeronaut Aerospace Eng

Abstract :

Life on Earth is found almost all over its surface, on land and in marine areas. We consider these forms of life as â�?�?normal.â�? However, there are organisms, termed extremophiles, which thrive in severe environments. The organisms dwelling in the normal environments are not able to tolerate such harsh conditions. On the other hand, living in a normal environment is not possible for the extremophiles. Harsh environments of extremophiles include for example, excess of salt (halophiles), high pressure, thermophilic, various pH ranges, acidophilic and anaerobic environments. Among these extremophiles are microorganisms, cyanobacteria, algae, plants, insects, and even micro animals (such as the Tardigrades) as well as a group of unicellular red algae, the Cyanidiophyceae (which possess in their chloroplasts only chlorophyll A but not B and grow in thermoacidic area such as in hot springs with some exceptional habitats (references.) Polyextremophiles are those extremophiles who tolerate more than one factor of stress in their habitat. The extremophiles may represent the pioneers on early Earth when the primitive conditions were very harsh, an anaerobic, acidic, and thermophilic or psychrophilic environment. With the change of the atmosphere, these extremophilic organisms found niches to hide in where they felt comfortable. In our presentation, we will discuss some extremophilic examples through their habitats and the physiological-environmental relationships and finally their affiliation to Astrobiology.

Biography :

Joseph Seckbach is a retired senior academician at The Hebrew University of Jerusalem, Israel. He earned his MSc. & Ph.D. from the University of Chicago and did a post doctorate in the Division of Biology at Caltech, in Pasadena, CA. He led a group researching exobiology (extraterrestrial life) at UCLA. He was appointed to the Hebrew University, Jerusalem (as a senior Lecturer) and spent sabbaticals at UCLA and Harvard University. Dr. Seckbach enjoyed his DAAD-sponsored (The German Academic Exchange) periods in Tübingen, Germany, and at LMU, Munich. He served at Louisiana State University (LSU), Baton Rouge, LA, USA, as the first selected Chair for the Louisiana Sea Grant and Technology transfer.