Journal of Antivirals & Antiretrovirals

Journal of Antivirals & Antiretrovirals
Open Access

ISSN: 1948-5964

+44 1300 500008

Exposing alterations in the nuclear proteome in HIVinfected human monocyte-derived Macrophages

International Conference and Exhibition on VIROLOGY

5-7 September 2011 Baltimore, USA

A. Burns, N. Haverland, G. Pottiez and P. Ciborowski

Posters: JAA

Abstract :

It is known that mononuclear phagocytes (MP) contribute to human immunodefi ciency virus 1 (HIV-1) persistence by acting as reservoirs capable of harboring latent virus and facilitating productive infection. Understanding the molecular mechanisms occurring at the nuclear level that are involved in promoting this viral persistence in the MP may provide new avenues for treatment. We hypothesize that systemic proteomic profi ling of nuclear proteins from HIV-/+ MP, and specifi cally macrophages will provide new insights on the virus controls these cells. As an in vitro experimental model, we used human monocyte-derived macrophages (MDM) and the laboratory adapted HIV-1ADA. In this model, monocytes were diff erentiated into macrophages for 7 days and collected; or MDM were either maintained in culture or infected with HIV-1ADA at MOI 1 for an additional nine days (total of 17 days). Aft er day 7 or 17, nuclei are harvested and cytosolic, soluble nuclear and insoluble nuclear proteins were separated. Proteins including nuclear transcription factors, which are largely located in the soluble nuclear protein fraction, were digested using trypsin. Peptides were then separated based on isoelectric point and analyzed by liquid chromatography-electrospray ionization coupled tandem mass spectrometry (LC/ESI-MS/MS). Spectra were searched using Proteome Discoverer v1.2 soft ware and the SEQUEST algorithm. Th e total soluble nuclear protein recovered from 24 million uninfected MDM aft er 7 days of diff erentiation ranged between 21-38 μg. Aft er day 17, the total nuclear proteins from same number of cells were collected from HIV- and HIV+ samples were 31 μg and 29 μg, respectively. Th is comprises a 6% loss of proteins due to infection. MS/MS analysis of 20 μg of soluble nuclear proteins from uninfected MDM resulted in the identifi cation of 2090 unique proteins. Of those, 544 are specifi cally localized to the nucleus, 977 are known to have subcellular localization and the localization of another 569 has not yet been reported in databases. Th ese 569 proteins can be classifi ed based on their function and 20 are kinases or phosphatases, 8 are ion channels or transporters, another 34 are enzymes, 11 are peptidases, and the remaining 496 are classifi ed as other. In conclusion, this project highlights a novel approach to understanding the molecular mechanisms of HIV-1 infection in MDM at the nuclear level.