Evaluation of immunotherapeutic efficacy of Vaccae vaccine and id | 58840
Journal of Clinical and Cellular Immunology

Journal of Clinical and Cellular Immunology
Open Access

ISSN: 2155-9899

Evaluation of immunotherapeutic efficacy of Vaccae vaccine and identification of differentially expressed genes in BALB/c mice infected with Mycobacterium tuberculosis

Joint Event on 36th Euro Global Summit and Expo on Vaccines & Vaccination & 6th World Congress and Exhibition on Antibiotics and Antibiotic Resistance

June 03-04, 2019 London, UK

Wenping Gong, Yan Liang, Yanbo Ling, Junxian Zhang, Lan Wang, Jie Wang, Yingchang Shi and Xueqiong Wu

Institute for Tuberculosis Research, The 8th Medical Center of Chinese PLA General Hospital, China

Scientific Tracks Abstracts: J Clin Cell Immunol

Abstract :

Background: Tuberculosis (TB) is the leading cause from a single infectious agent and one of the top 10 causes of death. Mycobacterium vaccae vaccine is the first preventive TB vaccine in phase III trials besides BCG. However, the differentially expressed (DE) genes of host infected with M. tuberculosis before and after M. vaccae vaccine treatment is still poorly understood. Methods: In the present study, the immunotherapeutic efficacy of M. vaccae vaccine were assessed in BALB/c mice by weight measurement, colony formation units counting, organ coefficient evaluation, and histopathology. The total RNA was extracted from isolated peripheral blood mononuclear cells from BALB/c mice, and the DE genes were identified by microarray, and GO analysis and pathway analysis were performed. Results: M. vaccae vaccine had a significant immunotherapeutic effect in mouse model, and 2,326 upregulated and 2,221 downregulated genes were identified to be DE genes in M. vaccae group compared with control group. Additionally, a total of 123 signaling pathways with significant differences were identified, and our speculation suggested that the upregulated and downregulated pathways most related to M. vaccae might be MyD88-dependent TLR signaling pathway and PI3K-Akt signaling pathway. Conclusion: Immunotherapeutic effect of M. vaccae might be enhanced via upregulating MyD88-dependent TLR signaling pathway and downregulating PI3K-Akt signaling pathway, which improved our understanding of the mechanism of M. vaccae vaccine immunotherapy.

Recent Publications

1. Gordon SV, Parish T. Microbe Profile: Mycobacterium tuberculosis: Humanity's deadly microbial foe. Microbiology (Reading, England) 2018;164(4):437-39 doi: 10.1099/mic.0.000601[published Online First: Epub Date]|.

2. Gong W, Liang Y, Wu X. The current status, challenges, and future developments of new tuberculosis vaccines. Hum Vaccin Immunother 2018;14(7):1697-716 doi: 10.1080/21645515.2018.1458806[published Online First: Epub Date]|.

3. Colditz GA, Brewer TF, Berkey CS, Wilson ME, Burdick E, Fineberg HV, Mosteller F. Efficacy of BCG vaccine in the prevention of tuberculosis. Meta-analysis of the published literature. Jama 1994;271(9):698-702

4. Fine PE. Variation in protection by BCG: implications of and for heterologous immunity. Lancet 1995;346(8986):1339-45

5. WHO. Global tuberculosis report 2017. Geneva: World Health Organization, 2017:1-262.5.

Biography :

Wenping Gong has his expertise in evaluation and passion in developing the novel tuberculosis (TB) vaccine. His research focuses on the screening of specific epitopes and the construction of novel epitope vaccines. He has participated in many international academic conferences and delivered speeches. So far, he has published ten SCI papers in international academic journals. His work shed light on the prevention and treatment of the spread of TB, and opened new ideas for the development of new TB vaccines.