Environmental pollution in the River Nile, Egypt: Overview | 31423
Journal of Pollution Effects & Control

Journal of Pollution Effects & Control
Open Access

ISSN: 2375-4397

+44 1223 790975

Environmental pollution in the River Nile, Egypt: Overview

International Conference on Pollution Control & Sustainable Environment

April 25-26, 2016 Dubai, UAE

Khaled Abbas Helmy Abdou

Beni Suef University, Egypt

Posters & Accepted Abstracts: Pollut Eff Cont

Abstract :

The River Nile is the principal fresh water resource in Egypt, supplying Egypt with about 98 percent of its fresh water. Pollution in the River Nile��?s main stem, drains and canals has increased in the last few decades. The River Nile receives wastewater discharges from 124 sources points between Aswan and El-kanater Barrage, of which 67 are agricultural drains and the rest are industrial sources (NWRC, 2000). The Egyptian Environmental Affairs Agency reports that the pollution of the surface water in greater Cairo and the province of Beni Suef is a major hazard to all biological systems (EEAA, 2008). In the last decades nanomaterials (NMs) have attracted a great deal of attention due to their many technologically interesting properties. Nanotechnology applications advanced very quickly while very little has been done to measure and assess the risks of nanoparticles (NPs) to biological systems and to the ecosystems. The small size of nanoparticles and their properties can become easily a vehicle for binding and transport of toxic chemical pollutants. There have been a number of studies showing that NPs and nanotubes can be released in the environment and cause harmful effects to humans and/or living organisms. In the last few years there is a wide debate about the benefits of nanotechnologies for humans and the technological society from the diverse applications of new products but also about the risks of many manufactured nanomaterials (NMs) and consumer products to human health and the environment. The available literature on nanomaterials toxicology and its distribution in the Egyptian environment and its environmental hazards is incomplete. In the given essay we will discuss and evaluate the characteristics of the Nile water system and to identify the major sources of pollution and its environmental and health consequences

Biography :