EMT-related transcription factors and YAP/TAZ orchestrate cell fa | 59353
Clinical Pediatrics: Open Access

Clinical Pediatrics: Open Access
Open Access

ISSN: 2572-0775

EMT-related transcription factors and YAP/TAZ orchestrate cell fate and metastasis in osteosarcoma

Joint Meet on 29th International Conference on Clinical Pediatrics & 41st Euro Congress on Cancer Science & Therapy

June 23-24 | WEBINAR

Salah-Eddine Lamhamedi-Cherradi

University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, USA

Scientific Tracks Abstracts: Clin Pediatr

Abstract :

Osteosarcoma (OS) is the most common primary bone tumor in children and adults and often leads to lethal pulmonary metastasis. Though epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition (EMT)-associated transcriptional factors (TFs), such as ZEB1, TWIST, SNAIL, or AXL, are known to initiate the metastatic cascade of carcinomas, their role in directing OS cell fate remains poorly understood. To explore how biophysical force, extracellular matrix, and the tumor microenvironment (TME) affect EMTTFs and cell fate, we evaluated OS cells cultured within an ex vivo experimentally-tunable acellularized lung microenvironment (ACL). The ACL allowed our team to isolate and characterize thousands of lab-derived EMTTF+ circulating tumor cells (dCTCs) that showed significant resistance to doxorubicin, expressed exceptional levels of YAP/TAZ, and biomarkers of proven importance in OS metastasis such as AXL. Focusing initially on AXL and TWIST, we assessed whether AXL inhibition could delay or reduce the emergence of pulmonary metastasis of MG63.2, a metastasis-prone OS cell line. In the preclinical setting, SGI- 7079 (a potent small molecule AXL inhibitor) suppressed AXL expression and limited migratory potential both in vitro and in vivo. We are excited to report that this novel AXL-directed approach has already entered clinical trials at MD Anderson, and we look forward to sharing preliminary results soon.

Biography :

Salah-Eddine Lamhamedi-Cherradi is from University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center and his research interest is Leukemia and Radiation Oncology.

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