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Peter Adeniyi Alaba, Yahaya Muhammad Sani and Wan Mohd Ashri Wan Daud
University of Malaya, Malaysia
Ahmadu Bello University, Nigeria
Posters & Accepted Abstracts: J Fundam Renewable Energy App
Biodiesel produced from triglycerides and/or free fatty acid (FFA) by transesterification and esterification has attracted immense attention during the past decades as a biodegradable, renewable and sustainable source of energy. Homogeneous basic catalysis has been developed for this process due to their high biodiesel yield. However, post-production processes and soap formation due to inefficiency in processing high FFA feedstock are drawing this process back. Recently, homogeneous acid catalysis towards biodiesel production has been more attractive, since they support both esterification and transesterification simultaneously. The foremost impediment to this commercialization is associated with corrosion, purification slower reaction and higher reaction temperature. Currently, solid superacid catalysts has proved more efficient and â�?�?greenâ�? approach due to avoidance of environmental and corrosion problems, and reduce product purification procedures. Therefore, this study gives a critical review on recent breakthrough towards efficient and a â�?�?greenerâ�? production of biodiesel via solid superacid catalysis. The advances includes: Alkyl-Bridged Organosilica Moieties Functionalized Hybrid Catalysis; pre- and in situ water removal and process intensification: Temperature profile reduction.