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Effects of ozone stress on physiology and plastidial galactolipids of two tropical cowpea cultivars
Journal of Fundamentals of Renewable Energy and Applications

Journal of Fundamentals of Renewable Energy and Applications
Open Access

ISSN: 2090-4541

+1-504-608-2390

Effects of ozone stress on physiology and plastidial galactolipids of two tropical cowpea cultivars


Joint Event on 7th World Congress and Expo on Green Energy & 3rd World Congress on Wind & Renewable Energy

June 24-25, 2019 Barcelona, Spain

Deborah Moura Reboucas, Natassia Albuquerque Ribeiro, Matthieu Bagard, Yuri Maia De Sousa, Dirce Fernandes De Melo and Anne Repellin

UniFanor/Wyden, Brazil
Universite Paris-Est, France
Federal University of Ceara, Brazil

Scientific Tracks Abstracts: J Fundam Renewable Energy Appl

Abstract :

Statement of the Problem: Tropospheric ozone is considered the most detrimental air pollutant to plants. At the cellular level, ozone is itself a strong oxidant and its decomposition in the apoplast generates a range of reactive oxygen species (ROS). Cell membranes are primary targets of damage induced by ROS and the preservation of cell integrity through stable membrane lipid composition is essential to plant survival. The purpose of this study is to investigate the effects of ozone on physiology, on plastidial galactolipid content, as well as on the expression of genes related to membrane lipid metabolism in two cowpea cultivars: EPACE-1 and IT83-D.

Methodology & Theoretical Orientation: Ozone stress (120 ppb) was applied on three-week-old seedlings under controlled conditions during two weeks. After 7 and 14 days of treatment, stomatal conductance and phytotoxic ozone dose were measured. Leaf lipids were extracted in chloroform: methanol:water separated by thin layer chromatography and analyzed using a gas chromatograph/mass spectrometer. Leaf total RNA was extracted; cDNAs were used for the detection of transcript accumulation by real-time PCR.

Findings: Significant effects of ozone were observed at the cellular level. First, ozone exposure provoked symptoms of leaf injury and H2O2 accumulation. Second, the ozone treatment induced decreases in the plastidial galactolipids monogalactosyldiacylglycerol (MGDG) and digalactosyl-diacylglycerol (DGDG) in both cultivars. These effects were stronger in the IT83-D cultivar, which also showed specific ozone responses such as a higher DGDG: MGDG ratio and the coordinated up-regulation of DGDG synthase (VuDGD2) and ?-3 fatty acid desaturase 8 (VuFAD8) genes, suggesting that membrane remodeling occurred under ozone stress in the sensitive cultivar.

Conclusion & Significance: Taken together, these results suggest that the ozone treatment had a limited impact at whole-plant level but provoked leaf injury and altered membrane lipids. These effects were more pronounced in IT83-D, revealing intervarietal differences in ozone tolerance.

Recent Publications:

1. Ainsworth E A, Yendrek C R, Sitch S, Collins W J and Emberson L D (2012) The effects of tropospheric ozone on net primary productivity and implications for climate change. Annu. Rev. Plant Biol. 63:637-661.

2. Baier M, Kandlbinder A, Golldack D and Dietz K J (2005) Oxidative stress and ozone: Perception, signalling and response. Plant Cell Environ. 28(8):1012-1020.

3. Sharma P, Jha A B, Dubey R S and Pessarakli M (2012) Reactive oxygen species, oxidative damage, and antioxidative defense mechanism in plants under stressful conditions. Am. J. Bot. 2012:217037.

4. Upchurch R G (2008) Fatty acid unsaturation, mobilization, and regulation in the response of plants to stress. Biotechnol. Lett. 30(6):967-977

Keywords: Orbit, contour plastics, regional anesthesia, infraorbital anesthesia, palatal anesthesia.

Biography :

Deborah Moura Rebouças has her expertise in environmental stresses in plants. Her study aims to characterize the lipids and their changes upon stress and the genes underlying the changes. By establishing a profile of these key factors, agriculture would gain a direction for selective breeding of plants that are more resilient to environmental stresses.

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