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Fellah Houda, Sebbagh I, Chabni N, Benyahia D, Benmeddah S and Chaif S
Abou Bakr Belkaid University, Algeria
Posters & Accepted Abstracts: J Clin Exp Dermatol Res
Onychomycosis is a major public health problem with a high incidence. The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence of various causative agents of onychomycosis and to study the clinical and mycological patterns of onychomycosis. A prospective study was conducted from September 2015 to March 2016 in university hospital center of Tlemcen in Algeria. The nails were evaluated clinically and the nail samples were subjected to direct microscopy and culture. 73% samples were found to be positive by direct microscopy and culture. Toe nails were affected more frequently than finger nails and distolateral subungual onychomycosis was the most common clinical type of infection which was seen in 74.73% patients. The etiological agents were yeasts (63.33%) and dermatophytes (36.67%). Among dermatophytes, T. rubrum was the commonest etiological agent. In our study, the mycological examination is the key for the positive diagnostic of onychomycosis; although yeasts were the main causative agents.