Comparison of scientific studies related to biomass conversion in | 52441
Journal of Fundamentals of Renewable Energy and Applications

Journal of Fundamentals of Renewable Energy and Applications
Open Access

ISSN: 2090-4541

Comparison of scientific studies related to biomass conversion in Europe and Turkey

International Congress and Expo on Biofuels & Bioenergy

August 25- 27, 2015 Valencia, Spain

Hasan Merdun and Ismail Veli Sezgin

Scientific Tracks Abstracts: J Fundam Renewable Energy Appl

Abstract :

Energy demand is systematically increasing in almost all over the world based on the increase in population and technological
development. Energy can be supplied mainly from fossil fuels (coal, oil, natural gas, etc.) and renewable resources (solar,
wind, water/hydropower, biomass, etc.). Fossil fuels are heterogeneously distributed on earth, have limited reserves, and
environmentally problems due to unwanted emissons to natural resources (air, water, soil, etc.). Renewable energy sources
are renewable, reliable, environmental friendly, and sustainable; therefore, they are one of the best solutions to get rid of these
problems of fossil fuels. Biomass is an important renewable energy source in all over the world used directly as combustion
material or bifuel produced from conversion of biomass by means of modern technologies. Biomass energy or bioenergy studies
have attracted attention to reduce fossil fuel consumption and emissons, as a result, global warming and climate change. In this
study, after giving basic knowledge on biomass and its properties in addition to biomass conversion technologies, it is aimed to
compare scientific studies relate to biomass conversion in Europe and Turkey. Firstly, the processes of biochemical (anaerobic
digestion) and thermochemical (pyrolysis and gasification) technologies commonly used in the conversion of biomass to
biofuels or useful chemicals, factors or parameters affecting these processes, and technologies used in these processes are
explained. Then, scientific studies conducted in Europe and Turkey by using these conversion technologies of biomass are
compared. For this purpose, the studies on biochemical and thermochemical conversion of biomass in Turkey are compared,
in respect to the applied technologies and parameters, with the studies on biocemical in Germany and thermochemical in the
Netherlands. The results of this review study show that, in general, the studies on biomass conversion in European countries
has started earlier than that of Turkey, more modern technologies are applied in Europe because of more research funds to
these studies, and based on that, more studies with more parameters with comprehensive values and more sensitive analyses
are conducted in in European Countries compared to Turkey.

Biography :

Hasan Merdun is currently serving as a faculty member at the Department of Environmental Engineering, Akdeniz University in Turkey. He got his undergraduate
degree in Agricultural Engineering in Turkey. He got his MSc degree at Agricultural Engineering Department and PhD degree at Crop and Soil Environmental
Sciences in Clemson University, USA, on the subjects of soil and water resources. After getting his PhD degree, he started working at the university as an
academician. Around five years ago, he shifted his research interests from soil and water resources to bioenergy production through thermochemical processes
/ technologies, specifically fast pyrolysis and gasification. He worked with the Catalytic Processes and Materials Group as a post-doctoral researcher at the
University of Twente, Netherlands, during June 4 - September 20, 2013. He studied the effects of different catalysts on the yield and quality of bio-oil and gas
mixture produced by fast pyrolysis process. His research mission is to add value to the national and global bioenergy sector by applying an integrated biorefinery
approach for the development of renewable energy technologies.