Clinical response of rosacea to treatment of small intestinal bacterial overgrowth with rifaximin: A case series of patients with ocular rosacea
Journal of Clinical & Experimental Dermatology Research

Journal of Clinical & Experimental Dermatology Research
Open Access

ISSN: 2155-9554

+44 20 3868 9735

Clinical response of rosacea to treatment of small intestinal bacterial overgrowth with rifaximin: A case series of patients with ocular rosacea

6th International Conference on Clinical and Experimental Dermatology

May 04-06, 2016 Chicago, USA

Leonard B Weinstock

Washington University School of Medicine, USA

Scientific Tracks Abstracts: J Clin Exp Dermatol Res

Abstract :

Background: Rosacea is associated with Crohnâ??s disease, liver disease, chronic pancreatitis, achlorhydria, Helicobacter pylori and recently with idiopathic small intestinal bacterial overgrowth (SIBO). Two publications demonstrated that rifaximin, a non-absorbed, gut-directed antibiotic for SIBO led to improvement in facial rosacea. Ocular manifestations occur in up to 58% of rosacea patients and include dry eyes, foreign body sensation, photosensitivity, eyelid inflammation, neovascularization and corneal ulcers. Methods: Patients who had been diagnosed with ocular rosacea by four ophthalmologists were referred for SIBO testing using the lactulose breath test (LBT). All were refractory to rosacea therapy. An open-label, IRB-approved trial of rifaximin 550 mg/3x/day for 10-14 days was performed in LBT-positive subjects. Ten and twenty days after ending rifaximin, subjects were queried if their eye symptoms had marked, moderate or mild improvement or if they were unchanged. Results: Twenty four patients (21F/3M), mean age 59 with facial involvement in 4 were tested. The LBT was positive in 9/24 (38%). LBT-positive subjects had chronic gastrointestinal symptoms in 63% vs., 33% in LBT-negative subjects. Rifaximin was prescribed to 9 LBT-positive subjects. Insurance denied the prescription in one subject. One subject was lost was to follow up. Improvement in ocular rosacea symptoms was marked (4), moderate (1) and mild (2). Conclusions: Rifaximin therapy led to improvement in ocular rosacea in the setting of SIBO. Dysregulation of the innate immune system as a result of gastrointestinal inflammation could lead to an increase in systemic cytokines and microbial antigens/antibodies in the skin and eyelids leading to activation of rosacea.

Biography :

Leonard B Weinstock has completed his MD at the Rochester University School of Medicine and Gastroenterology Fellowship at Washington University. His research revolves around extra-intestinal manifestations of SIBO (including rosacea, restless legs syndrome, fibromyalgia and chromic pelvic pain syndromes), control of systemic inflammation and intestinal dysbiosis. He has published more than 80 chapters, papers and abstracts. His academic position is Associate Professor of Clinical Medicine and Surgery at Washington School of Medicine in St. Louis and he is the President of Specialists in Gastroenterology.

Email: [email protected]