Can assessment of synovial fluid and blood specimens for pro- and | 52276
Journal of Clinical and Cellular Immunology

Journal of Clinical and Cellular Immunology
Open Access

ISSN: 2155-9899

+44 1223 790975

Can assessment of synovial fluid and blood specimens for pro- and anti-inflammatory markers predict the type of arthritis patients may develop

International Conference on Innate Immunity

July 20-21, 2015 Barcelona, Spain

Laurence O�??Neill

Posters-Accepted Abstracts: J Clin Cell Immunol

Abstract :

Matrix metalloproteinase-2 and -9 are produced in arthritis conditions such as osteoarthritis and rheumatoid arthritis. Proinflammatory cytokines such as Interleukin-6 (IL-6) and Tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-α) are known to be elevated, whereas anti-inflammatory cytokines such as Interleukin-10 (IL-10) and Interleukin-17 (IL-17) are lower. The balance between pro- and anti-inflammatory cytokines determines the severity of arthritis. This is due to the pro-inflammatory cytokines initiating a sequence of events which ultimately leads to joint destruction. Our research seeks to compare the levels of matrix metalloproteinases found in blood samples from arthritis patients to the levels obtained in blood from healthy volunteers. Using these results to then determine if a diagnosis can be made from the cytokine profile present in a patients�?? samples. Gelatin zymography was carried out to determine the levels of Matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) in blood and synovial fluid samples and the results were analysed using Image J. Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) was also used to determine the levels of cytokines IL-1, IL-6, TNF-α and IL-17 in all the blood specimens.

Biography :

Mr Laurence O�??Neill is completing a Masters Research at the Institute of Technology, Carlow (IT Carlow). The project is funded by the Presidents�?? Fellowship Award Scholarship Scheme at IT Carlow. He completed his undergraduate degree in biosciences with biopharmaceuticals (Honours) at IT Carlow.