Anti-photoaging effect of Achatina fulica in human skin in vitro | 12814
Journal of Clinical & Experimental Dermatology Research

Journal of Clinical & Experimental Dermatology Research
Open Access

ISSN: 2155-9554

+44 1478 350008

Anti-photoaging effect of Achatina fulica in human skin in vitro

Asia-Pacific Dermatology and Cosmetology Conference


Toni Febriyanto, Susan Simanjaya, Juan Adrian, Mohammad Galih Pratama, Eka Nur Fitriyani and Dewajani Purnomosari

Universitas Gadjah Mada, Indonesia

Posters & Accepted Abstracts: J Clin Exp Dermatol Res

Abstract :

Background: Ultraviolet (UV) exposure causes photoaging by inducing the expression of Matrix Metalloproteinase-1 (MMP- 1) expression. Snail Achatina fulica is one of the most extensively studied snails due to its economic, ecological and medical importance. Moreover, the slime is well-known for its wound-healing and anti-bacterial properties. Objective: The research is aimed to investigate whether snail slime of Achatina fulica exhibits anti-photoaging properties by inhibiting the expression of MMP-1. Methodology: 50 snails were stimulated by a 9V electricity source for the extraction of slime. The extracted slime was then converted into powder form by the freeze-drying process. The slime powder was dissolved in Dimethyl Sulfoxide (DMSO) to desired concentration. At the end of the experiment, the MMP-1 expression in different fibroblast groups was assessed by qPCR. Results: Administration of snail slime has proven to lower MMP-1 expression compared to the positive control group without snail slime. However, administration of snail slime at various concentrations did not significantly produce different results. MMP-1 expression level is slightly lower in slime group compared to the Ellicina cream group at the concentration of 25 and 50 μg/mL. Administration of Ellicina cream at the concentration of 100 μg/mL has shown to lower MMP-1 expression compared to slime group at any concentration. Conclusion: Snail slime of Achatina fulica reduces MMP-1 expression level on UVB-induced fibroblast culture. The potency in inhibiting MMP-1 expression level between Achatina fulica slime and Ellicina cream is not much different at certain concentrations.

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