International-tourism-Scholarly-Peer-review-Journal | Peer Reviewed Journals
Journal of Tourism & Hospitality

Journal of Tourism & Hospitality
Open Access

ISSN: 2167-0269


Tourism is a phenomenon of the temporary relocation of human resources from their place of residence with the purpose of familiarization with and resource consumption of a new territory. It is one of the ancestral forms of the human resources movement, such as migration (long movement with the development of the new territories resources), transit  and  professional  travel (spatial movement of workers associated with the crossing of territorial boundaries) and virtual movement (use of technical means of communication) (Sardak, 2015). Today tourism is an important component of the world economy development. Over the past 20 years the tourism flows in the world have increased by more than 2.7 times from 436 million in 1990 to 1,186 billion people in 2015 (Appendix, Table 1). After reaching a historic boom in 2012 – more than one billion people traveling the world in one year – the volume of international tourism continues to grow. This indicates about the rapid development of the world tourism industry. Europe will continue to lead in the number of tourists, which affects the flow of income from international tourism by world regions (Appendix, Table 2). The table shows that the revenue is growing every year, and European continent has most of the income from international tourism which is evident during all years.