Journal of Fundamentals of Renewable Energy and Applications

Journal of Fundamentals of Renewable Energy and Applications
Open Access

ISSN: 2090-4541

Nida Rabab

Department of Environmental and Energy Management, Institute of Business Management, Korangi Creek, Karachi Sindh 75190, Pakistan

  • Research Article   
    Impact on Vegetables Irrigated with Municipal and Industrial Wastewater from Korangi Drain near IoBM, Karachi
    Author(s): Nida Rabab*, Shan-E-Hyder Soomro and Abdulrauf Farooqi

    The present study was conducted to assess the Impact on vegetables irrigated with municipal and industrial wastewater from korangi drain near iobm, karachi. Some vegetables are grown using sewage and industrial wastewater laden with alarmingly high levels of heavy metals and bacteriological contamination. Maximum concentration of lead was found in spinach 8.20 mg/l as against safe limits of 0.01 mg/l and maximum Nickel concentration was found in banana 3.114 mg/l as against 0.02 mg/l whereas all vegetables were invariably bacteriologically contaminated much beyond safe limits. Appropriate legislations in Sindh and competent manpower for rigorous monitoring to gage the harmful impact on vegetables grown with untreated municipal and industrial wastewater to effectively combat the problems of growing vegetables. The emptying of untreated municipal and industrial w.. View More»

    Abstract HTML PDF