Journal of Clinical and Experimental Ophthalmology

Journal of Clinical and Experimental Ophthalmology
Open Access

ISSN: 2155-9570

+44 1223 790975


Surgical Management of Macular Hole at 2 Years of Follow-Up

Oswaldo Ferreira Moura Brasil, Emmerson Badaró, Rodrigo M Navarro, Acácio Alves Lima-Sousa, Oswaldo Moura Brasil and Mauricio Maia

Purpose: To determine prognostic factors, anatomic success rate and safety of sutureless pars plana vitrectomy and vitreous base removal associated to internal limiting membrane (ILM) peeling, C3F8 injection and 1-day facedown postoperative positioning to manage idiopathic macular holes (MHs) at 2 years follow-up.
Methods: Forty-six eyes with an idiopathic MH underwent pars plana vitrectomy, ILM peeling after Brilliant Blue 0.05 mg/ml staining, and gas tamponade. Patients remained facedown for 1 day postoperatively. Follow-up included measurement of best-corrected visual acuity (BCVA) and optical coherence tomography (OCT) at 1 and 7 days and 1, 6, 12, and 24 months postoperatively. If the MHs were not anatomically closed by 1 month, another procedure was performed.
Results: Primary and final anatomical closure rate were 91.3% and 97.8%, respectively. Mean BCVA improvement (logarithm of the minimum angle of resolution, LogMAR) was 0.34. No late MH reopening occurred, no surgery-related or ocular dye-related complications developed. The BCVA was less likely to improve in MHs with longer symptomatic periods or larger internal diameters.
Conclusion: Pars plana vitrectomy combined with vitreous base removal and ILM peeling using Brilliant Blue 0.05% associated to C3F8 injection and 1-day facedown postoperative positioning for idiopathic MHs is a safe surgical approach, achieving a MH closure rate of 91.3% after one procedure and 97.8% after a second one. Long symptoms duration and larger inner MH diameter are associated with poor BCVA.