Journal of Aeronautics & Aerospace Engineering

Journal of Aeronautics & Aerospace Engineering
Open Access

ISSN: 2168-9792



Study of the Configuration and Performance of Air-Air Ejectors based on CFD Simulation

El-Zahaby AM, Hamed MH, Omara ZM and Eldesoukey AM

This paper describes a numerical study of gas-gas ejector performance for different operating conditions and geometrical configurations. The performance of ejector obtained based on a simulation procedure of linearized and axisymmetric subsonic and supersonic flow using Fluent Package. A conventional finite-volume scheme utilized to solve two-dimensional transport equations with the standard k-ω SST turbulence model. The model is solved in three regions namely, the primary flow nozzle, the secondary flow channel, and the region of interaction between the supersonic nozzle jet and the secondary flow. The effect of gas motive pressure the mixing part and tail section (pipe or diffuser) geometry on the ejector performance are studied. The computational results are validated using published experimental data with acceptable agreements. The numerical results indicate that the ejector geometry has a pronounced effect on the flow parameters (i.e., pressure and gas velocity) and the ejector performance. In addition, predicted numerical results indicate that when the motive-stream velocity exceeds the speed of sound, shock waves are unavoidable inside ejectors and that shock wave pattern in mixing part has a dominant effect on ejector performance. In addition, the results indicate that the shock location inside the nozzle and the separation point are affected by the motive pressure. The results show also that configuration with convergent-divergent mixing section is much better for mixing process than the other tested configurations.