Journal of Geography  & Natural Disasters

Journal of Geography  & Natural Disasters
Open Access

ISSN: 2167-0587



Study of Ionospheric precursors related to an earthquake (M=7.8) of 16 April, 2013 using GPS-TEC measurements: Case study

Devbrat Pundhir, Birbal Singh, O.P. Singh and Saral Kumar Gupta

In the present paper, we analyze the GPS-TEC data which observed at Agra station, India (27.2o N, 78o E) and also see the diurnal variations of global ionospheric maps (GIMs) TEC data over the epicenter of this earthquake (M=7.8) in Pakistan region for the month of April, 2013. We use a statistical technique for the analysis of data and identify the significant precursors using 3σ criterion. These precursors are found in form of enhancements on different days in the interval of 5-7 days prior to the earthquake. We also see the effect of geomagnetic storm and solar activity on TEC data and found no anomaly associated with them.