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Response of Grain Sorghum to Split Application of Nitrogen at Tanqua Abergelle Wereda, North Ethiopia | Abstract
Journal of Agricultural Science and Food Research

Journal of Agricultural Science and Food Research
Open Access

ISSN: 2593-9173

Abstract

Response of Grain Sorghum to Split Application of Nitrogen at Tanqua Abergelle Wereda, North Ethiopia

Gebrekiros Gebremedhin, Efriem Tariku, Meresa Wslassie and Sofonyas Dargie

In Tanqua Abergelle, where the study has conducted, application of fertilizer particularly nitrogen is done once in either of the crop growth stages. To this fact, it is known that nitrogen is an easy going chemical fertilizer that can simply undertake nitrification and be washed away by heavy rainfall without meeting the required objectives. Not only this but also, the sensitive fertilizer requirement of the crop growth stage is not known which this varies even from crop to crop. Hence, the objective of this study was to improve the nitrogen utilization efficiency of sorghum by split application of nitrogen there by obtaining higher yields while simultaneously identifying the best time of fertilizer application. The research was undertaken in Abergelle agricultural research center testing site (Mearey). There were seven treatments replicated three times and for doing so, randomized complete block design was used. Split application of nitrogen at different growth stages of sorghum didn’t brought a statistically significant difference in plant height, panicle length, biomass yield and thousand seed weight. Moreover, application of nitrogen at initial, development, mid, Initial Dev, Initial Mid and Development Mid were statistically the same in grain yield. However, there was statistically significant difference (p<0.05) in yield between application of nitrogen at development growth stage (application at once) and application of nitrogen at the three growth stages (Initial, Development and Mid) in splitting form. Application of nitrogen during development growth stage provides the highest grain yield (3.2 t/ha) followed by initial (3.1 t/ha) and initial mid (2.98 t/ha). The lowest grain yield was obtained in Initial, Development and Mid growth stages (2.4 t/ha) i.e., with application of the same amount of nitrogen during initial, development and mid growth stages in split form. Even though, sorghum (Meko1) grain yield poorly responds to spilt application of nitrogen, further multiple years’ research data is needed to reach at strong conclusions.

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