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Psychological Impacts of COVID-19 Outbreak in Ethiopia: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis | Abstract
Journal of Psychology & Psychotherapy

Journal of Psychology & Psychotherapy
Open Access

ISSN: 2161-0487

+44 20 3868 9735

Abstract

Psychological Impacts of COVID-19 Outbreak in Ethiopia: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis

Tadele Lankrew* and Belete Gelaw

Background: The novel coronavirus disease has led individuals in several medical, psychosocial and economic impacts among the majority of the society such as psychological distress, anxiety, depression, denial, panic, and fear. This pandemic is a disastrous health crisis and becoming a current public health emergency and affects several nations across the world. The widespread of COVID-19 has brought not only the risk of death but also major psychological pressure.

The COVID-19 pandemic led individuals to unavoidable psychological distress, anxiety, depression, denial, panic, and fear. The COVID-19 pandemic is a global public health emergency concern, which is severely affected the community and influences the day-to-day life of individuals in Ethiopia. This systematic review used to investigate the pooled estimate on the psychological impact of COVID-19 in Ethiopia.

Objective: The main aim of this systematic review and meta-analysis were to provide comprehensive evidence on the psychological impact of COVID-19 in Ethiopia.

Methods: This systematic review and meta-analysis searched through Pub Med, Cochrane Library, Google, Google Scholar, and web of sciences. Data extracted by Microsoft Excel then statistical analyses done using STATA Version 14 software with a random-effects model. The funnel plot checked. The heterogeneity of the studies checked. Subgroup analysis done in relation to the study area and authors’ names.

Results: A total of 10 studies with 4,215 participants were included in this systematic review and the overall estimated psychological impact of coronavirus disease in Ethiopia was 42.50% (95% CI (31.18%, 53.81%)). According to subgroup analysis, the highest estimated status of the psychological impact of coronavirus disease in Ethiopia is 66.40% and 16.20% in Addis Ababa and Amhara regions respectively.

Conclusion: This systematic review revealed that the psychological impact of coronavirus disease in Ethiopia is 42.50%. Multiple educations and training and adequate personal protective equipment supplies focusing on the psychological impact of COVID-19 should be avail properly for the community in Ethiopia.

Published Date: 2022-09-12; Received Date: 2022-08-11

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