Mahmoud El Samkary, Tamer Eliwa, Radwa El sherif*
Purpose: To describe the squamous cell carcinoma in the orbit as a primary site through systematic review and case report.
Method: A Systematic review of the literature was performed to focus on all the cases of primary squamous cell carcinoma that involves the orbit and exclude the cases that affect the ocular surface area and eye lid.
Results: Primary Squamous Cell Carcinoma (PSCC) in the orbit is extremely rare. Only 10 cases are reported in the literature including 2 atypical cases involved the orbit after retinal surgery. PSCC in the orbit are presented by vague symptoms such as headaches, fascial pain, numbness, and diplopia. Also, no standard accepted treatment exists. PSCC in the orbit can involve any tissue included the extraocular muscle, the lacrimal gland and indistinct area in the orbit.
Conclusion: Primary SCC at orbital site is very rare as only 10 cases are reported after systematic review of literatures and the common is secondary SCC through perineural invasion from a cutaneous lesion.
Published Date: 2022-01-25; Received Date: 2022-01-04