New Understanding of Ophthalmology Disease Process | Abstract
Journal of Clinical and Experimental Ophthalmology

Journal of Clinical and Experimental Ophthalmology
Open Access

ISSN: 2155-9570


New Understanding of Ophthalmology Disease Process

Shalini B, Dattatreya A and Sree Venkateshwarlu Yanamadala

This article addresses the etiology, diagnosis, and treatment of ophthalmic diseases. Certain diseases have the gender & age predilection, whereas ulcer is idiopathic non-infectious ulceration of the peripheral cornea. Corneal transplantation has been more prevalent. The normal cornea is more avascular because it is transparent and maintains itself as an immune privileged site. Ocular conditions, including infectious keratitis, keratopathy, corneal abrasions, uveitis, immunological conditions, corneal trauma, alkali injury & contact lens wear can encourage new blood vessels to spring up from the limbus and hence neo vascularization. Neovascularization is generally accompanied with an inflammatory response and always represents a state of disease. Autoimmune disorders with ocular complications in the anterior and posterior segments are also prevalent. Cataract surgery has high success rate and have complications too. Several drugs have the potential to cause the elevation of Intraocular pressure, which can occur via open angle/closed angle mechanism. Open angle glaucoma is mostly induced by steroids. Furthermore, when reviewing complications, grouping them according to which anatomical structure is primarily affected can be helpful.