Earth is one geological system, embodying all the smaller subsystems into one interconnected system. The relationship between living organisms and the environment are part of an ecological systems complexity. Development planning involves more than considering individual resources. It focuses on the natural systems and ecological processes that sustain the resources. The challenge in developmental planning is to balance the short term demands for goods and services with the long term sustainability of ecological systems. Developing countries like India are under a lot of pressure to compete economically with developed countries and their industrial advancements are damaging as well. The study includes within its frame work the existing scenario and potentialities in the fields of agriculture, forestry Minerals and industries etc., and recommended for the development of these sections on an optimal basis.