Applied Microbiology: Open Access
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Abstract

Bioremediation of Hydrocarbons from Kaduna Refining and Petrochemical Company Effluents Using Cladosporium

Magdaline Joseph Kwaji, Martha Onyinoyi Ahmadu, Babalola Ayoade D, Oghaego I Cyprian, Joy OgheneOchuko Ighodaye

Bioremediation is the most effective management tool to manage the polluted environment and recover contamination. The process of bioremediation uses various agents such as bacteria, fungi, algae and highier plants as major tools in treating heavy metals present in the environment. Bioremediation both in situ and ex situ have also enjoyed strong scientific growth in parts due to the increase of natural attenuation, since most natural attenuation is due to biodegradation. Numerous works have been devoted in literature to biodegradation with the use of fungi. Therefore, in other to have clean and less expensive technologies to restore contaminated marine environment, bioremediation is one of the preferred approaches, because it is simple to maintain, eco-friendly, cost effective and may lead to complete or partial removal of pollutants. The aim of this research study is to bio remediate hydrocarbon from hydrocarbon contaminated water using Cladosporium spp. This study isolates and characterize Cladosporium spp. from hydrocarbon contaminated water samples and also use the isolate in bioremediating the hydrocarbon in the water. Bioremediation of the hydrocarbon contaminated water sample was achieved given the values of total hydrocarbon concentration before and after sterilization of samples. The Total hydrocarbon concentration decreased for both the sterilized and non-sterilized sample after bioremediation. Point A shows a decrease in concentration from 1.87-1.41 mg/l and 1.87-0.70 mg/l for sterilized and unsterilized samples respectively. It could also be depicted from this work that Cladosporium functions more effectively in the presence of other microorganisms since it has more effect in non-sterilized sample than the sterilized sample as clearly shown in the percentage removal (56.00%).

Published Date: 2020-02-05; Received Date: 2020-01-16

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