Sexually Transmitted Diseases (STD) also known as venereal diseases (VD). STDs are infections that are transmitted from one person to another via sexual contact including vaginal intercourse, anal sex, oral sex etc.
STD infections have been around for thousands of years. Genital areas are generally moist and warm and hence produce a suitable environment for the growth of yeasts, bacteria and viruses. STDs spread through semen, vaginal secretions, or blood during sexual intercourse.
STDs can affect both men and women, but mostly the health problems they cause are more severe for women. Pregnant woman with STD can cause serious health problems for the baby as well.
Causes: Sexually transmitted infections can be caused by, Bacteria (gonorrhoea, syphilis, chlamydia), Parasites (trichomoniasis), Viruses (human papillomavirus, genital herpes, HIV) etc. Sexual activity plays major role in the spread of this disease but infections due to Hepatitis A, B and C viruses, Shigella and Giardia intestinalis are exceptions.
Symptoms: Rash (over the trunk, hands or feet), Painful urination, Sores or bumps on the genitals or in the oral or rectal area, Pain during sex, Unusual vaginal bleeding, Heavy menstrual bleeding or bleeding between periods, Painful or burning urination, Testicular pain in men, Sore, swollen lymph nodes, particularly in the groin but sometimes more widespread, Unusual or odd-smelling vaginal discharge, Lower abdominal pain.
The journal, Reproductive System and Sexual Disorder: Current Research focuses its upcoming special issue on Sexually Transmitted Diseases and all the problems related to it.
The Journal follows a stringent single blind peer review process for all submitted manuscripts. We welcome manuscripts for the special issue till June, 2018. The submitted manuscripts would be published in July, 2018. As the submission for the special issue would be limited in number & would be processed on a First come First Serve basis.