Using human iPSC derived hepatocyte system models cholestasis wit | 60482
Journal of Cell Science & Therapy

Journal of Cell Science & Therapy
Open Access

ISSN: 2157-7013

Using human iPSC derived hepatocyte system models cholestasis with tight junction protein 2 deficiency

16th World Congress on Tissue Engineering, Regenerative Medicine and Stem Cell Research & 6th World Congress on Oncology and Cancer Research

May 12, 2022 | Joint Webinar

Chao Zheng Li

Kingā??s College London, UK

Scientific Tracks Abstracts: J Cell Sci Ther

Abstract :

The truncating mutations in tight junction protein 2 (TJP2) cause progressive cholestasis, liver failure, and hepatocyte carcinogenesis. Due to the lack of effective model systems, there are no targeted medications for the liver pathology with TJP2 deficiency. We leveraged the technologies of patient-specific induced pluripotent stem cells (iPSCs) and CRISPR genome-editing, and we aim to establish a disease model which recapitulates phenotypes of patients with TJP2 deficiency. In Transwell and Matrigel sandwich culture systems, the hepatocyte-like cells differentiated from iPSCs with TJP2 mutations exhibited intracellular inclusions of disrupted apical membrane structures, distorted canalicular networks, altered distribution of apical and basolateral markers/transporters. The directional bile acid transport of bile canaliculi was compromised in the mutant hepatocytes, resembling the disease phenotypes observed in the liver of patients. Our iPSC-derived in vitro hepatocyte system revealed canalicular membrane disruption in TJP2 deficient hepatocytes and demonstrated the ability to model cholestatic disease with TJP2 deficiency to serve as a platform for further pathophysiologic study and drug discovery.

Biography :

Chao Zheng Li has his expertise in stem cell related disease modelling and passion in translational medicine. His iHep based functional assays opened opportunities for many genetic/drugs induced cholestasis’ mechanistic study and drug screen. He has built this model after years of wet-lab research in stem cell and disease modelling at CGTRM King’s College London. His work is based on the well-established 4 stages iHep differentiation protocol (Blackford et al., 2019). This approach largely focuses on generating mature iHeps from iPSC in large quantity via a simple, 2D, chemical based approach. The differentiated iHeps can then integrate into transwell/Matrigel to create high throughput/content disease model for cholestasis research.

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