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The gene-environment interactions and asbestosis | 52571
Journal of Clinical Toxicology

Journal of Clinical Toxicology
Open Access

ISSN: 2161-0495

+44 1478 350008

The gene-environment interactions and asbestosis


4th Global Summit on Toxicology

August 24-26, 2015 Philadelphia, USA

Alenka Franko1, Vita Dolzan2 and Metoda Dodic-Fikfak1

Scientific Tracks Abstracts: J Clin Toxicol

Abstract :

It has become increasingly obvious that both environmental and genetic factors may influence the development of many diseases.
Genes coding for enzymes that are involved in the metabolism of foreign chemical substances have mostly been primary candidates
for gene-environment interactions studies. This study investigated the influence of gene-gene and gene-environment interactions on
the risk of developing asbestosis. The study comprised 262 cases with asbestosis and 265 controls with no asbestos-related disease
previously studied for MnSOD, ECSOD, CAT, GSTT1, GSTM1, GSTP1, and iNOS polymorphisms. Data on cumulative asbestos
exposure and smoking were available for all subjects. PCR-based methods were used to genotype MnSOD Ala –9Val, ECSOD
Arg213Gly, CAT –262C>T, iNOS (CCTTT)n, GSTM1-null, GSTT1-null, GSTP1 Ile105Val and Ala114Val polymorphisms. To assess
gene-gene and gene-environmental interactions, logistic regression was used. The analysis showed that the associations between
MnSOD Ala–9Val polymorphism and the risk of asbestosis as well as between iNOS genotypes and asbestosis were modified by
CAT –262 C>T polymorphism (p=0.038; p=0.031). A strong interaction was found between GSTM1-null polymorphism and
smoking (p=0.007), iNOS (CCTTT)n polymorphism and smoking (p=0.054) as well as between iNOS (CCTTT)n polymorphism
and cumulative asbestos exposure (p=0.037). The findings of this study suggest that the interactions between different genotypes,
genotypes and smoking, as well as between genotypes and asbestos exposure have an important influence on the development of
asbestosis and should be considered seriously in future research on occupational/ environmental asbestos-related diseases.

Biography :

Alenka Franko, Associate Professor, MD, is a specialist in occupational medicine at the Clinical Institute of Occupational Medicine, University Medical Centre, Ljubljana,
Slovenia. Her research and teachings focus on several themes: Occupational and environmental toxicology, molecular epidemiology, genetics and gene-environment
interactions, occupational medicine. She carries out work in these areas nationally and internationally. She has been a speaker at many national and international
conferences.

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