The association between cardiorespiratory fitness, and physical a | 57181
Clinical & Experimental Cardiology

Clinical & Experimental Cardiology
Open Access

ISSN: 2155-9880

The association between cardiorespiratory fitness, and physical activity levels of central obese adults in Enugu state (eastern part), Nigeria

World Congress on Cardiology and Cardiac Surgery

May 16-17, 2018 | Montreal, Canada

Iwezu Happy Nonso

University of Nigeria, Nigeria

Posters & Accepted Abstracts: J Clin Exp Cardiolog

Abstract :

Central obesity and its implicated adverse health conditions are a major concern of some people. Central obesity is one of the predisposition factors to cardiovascular disease, respiratory conditions, type 2 diabetes mellitus, cancer and others. The purpose of this study was to determine the relationship between central obesity, cardio respiratory fitness and physical activity level among adults in Enugu State. Three hundred and seventeen subjects (158 obese and 159 non-obese) who met the inclusion criteria and gave their informed consent participated in the study. Their waist to hip ratio was determined using measuring tape. Body Mass Index measured with stadiometer and weighing scale. Cardio respiratory fitness was determined using Harvard Step Test and International Physical Activity Questionnaire (IPAQ) was used to determine their physical activity level. Data collected was analyzed descriptively and inferentially using correlation test. The level of significance was set at p=0.01. The physical activity level of obese adults in Enugu state increases in an ascending order of vigorous, low and moderate while the cardiorespiratory fitness decreases in reverse direction as low, average, good, excellence and very low. There was a significant relationship between cardio respiratory fitness and physical activity (r=0.146, sig=0.009). There was also a significant relationship between waist-hip ratio and cardiorespiratory fitness (r=-0.221, sig=0.000). In this seminar, I will discuss the effect of central obesity on cardio-respiratory fitness, and physical activity on adults and its pathophysiology.