Susceptibility pattern of Salmonella enterica isolates towards fl | 33442
Journal of Proteomics & Bioinformatics

Journal of Proteomics & Bioinformatics
Open Access

ISSN: 0974-276X

+44 1223 790975

Susceptibility pattern of Salmonella enterica isolates towards fluoroquinolones, macrolides and cephalosporins

6th International Conference on Structural Biology

August 22-23, 2016 New Orleans, USA

Sarita Shrestha

Tribhuvan University, Nepal

Posters & Accepted Abstracts: J Proteomics Bioinform

Abstract :

Enteric fever caused by Salmonella enterica serovar Typhi and Paratyphi A is the most common clinical diagnosis among febrile patients presenting to hospital in Nepal. The aim of this study was to evaluate the susceptibility pattern of Salmonella enterica serovar Typhi and Paratyphi A isolates towards different classes of drugs. During the study period, 62 isolates of S. enterica serovar Typhi (68.8%) and 28 Paratyphi A (31.1%) were obtained from 1815 blood samples from clinically diagnosed enteric fever patients visiting to Kathmandu Model Hospital. All isolates were identified by conventional biochemical tests and serotyping. Antibiotic susceptibility testing to 10 antibiotics was performed by modified Kirby Bauer disc diffusion method and CLSI recommended interpretive criteria. Minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) of ciprofloxacin, ofloxacin, nalidixic acid, cefixime and azithromycin were determined by agar dilution method. All the isolates were found to be 100% susceptible to first line drugs (amoxycillin, chloramphenicol and cotrimoxazole) and cephotaxime and highly susceptible towards ceftriaxone, cefixime and azithromycin. However, 12 (13.3%) and 13 (14.4%) isolates were resistant to ofloxacin and ciprofloxacin respectively. Of the total isolates 84 (93.3%) were nalidixic acid resistant. Nalidixic acid resistance was observed higher in S. Typhi (58/84) compared to S. Paratyphi A (26/84) (P< 0.001). Difference in both MIC and inhibition zone diameter in fluoroquinolones, macrolides and cephalosporins sensitive and resistant isolates was statistically significant (P<0.001). The decreased susceptibility to fluoroquinolones of Salmonella was strongly correlated with resistance to nalidixic acid. However, third generation cephalosporins including cefixime and macrolides like azithromycin still remains as useful drugs for the treatment. Besides that, due to the re-emergence of susceptibility, conventional drug may play important role in the treatment of enteric fever.

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