Successful proof of concept of a micronucleus genotoxicity assay | 57533
Journal of Clinical Toxicology

Journal of Clinical Toxicology
Open Access

ISSN: 2161-0495

+44 7868 792050

Successful proof of concept of a micronucleus genotoxicity assay on reconstructed epidermis exhibiting intrinsic metabolic activity

15th Euro Global Summit on Toxicology and Applied Pharmacology

July 02-04, 2018 | Berlin, Germany

Eric Andres

Oroxcell SAS, France

Posters & Accepted Abstracts: J Clinic Toxicol

Abstract :

We investigated the commercially available Episkin LMâ?¢ reconstructed epidermis test system as a potential 3D model for human genotoxicity assessment by cytokinesis-block micronucleus assay to mitigate limitations of the currently accepted micronucleus test. We established appropriate culture conditions for cytokinesis-block micronucleus assay in maximizing the frequency of binucleated cells by choice of culture medium and calibration of the system exposure to the cytokinesis inhibitor Cytochalasin B, without affecting the basal frequency of micronuclei in the model. We confirmed that the application of the classic solvents had no significant effect on this basal level of micronuclei. We determined the performance of cytokinesisblock micronucleus assay in Episkin LMâ?¢ reconstructed epidermis to predict in vivo genotoxins by testing the genotoxicity potential of 17 well known in vivo genotoxic, progenotoxic and non-genotoxic reference chemicals over a 48 hours and 72 hours exposure period. We found that cytokinesis-block micronucleus assays in Episkinâ?¢ reconstructed epidermis following the 48 h-topical regimen had a specificity of 60-75% and a sensitivity of 83-85%, resulting in an overall accuracy of 76-82% for genotoxicity assessment in tissues depending on the assessment of the reference chemicals with equivocal genotoxic profiles in the literature. The positive micronucleus test results obtained without addition of any exogenous metabolic activation system confirmed the ability of Episkin LMâ?¢ reconstructed epidermis to intrinsically bioactivate progenotoxic chemicals. The evidence showed that the 72-hour exposure protocol significantly improved the detection of progenotoxins. Taken together, our data demonstrated that the Episkin LMTM reconstructed epidermis system is a relevant in vitro tool in the study of genetic toxicology.