Relationship between the illness perception of patients with acut | 53687
Clinical & Experimental Cardiology

Clinical & Experimental Cardiology
Open Access

ISSN: 2155-9880

Relationship between the illness perception of patients with acute myocardial infarction and their quality of life

8th Cardiovascular Nursing & Nurse Practitioners Meeting

August 08-09, 2016 Las Vegas, USA

Keren Grinberg

Ruppin Academic Centre, Israel

Posters & Accepted Abstracts: J Clin Exp Cardiology

Abstract :

Aim: To determine the effect of illness perception (IP) on the perceived quality of life of Myocardial infarction (MI) patients. Background: MI is defined in pathology as myocardial cell death due to prolonged ischemia. After the onset of myocardial ischemia, histological cell death is not immediate, but takes a finite period of time to developâ�?�?as little as 20 min, or less in some animal models. One of the goals of treatment is to improve the patient's quality of life in addition to the prevention of heart morbidity and mortality. Patients who survived a heart attack may live for many years, while limited in function. An Assessment of quality of life through the perception of the disease in those patients may help to identify changes in their health status and their response to treatment. Design & Method: A descriptive, cross-sectional design. The Illness Perception Questionnaire Revised (IPQ-R) and the Multidimensional Quality of Life (QOL) Questionnaire were administrated to 110 acute MI patients (77% men and 23% women). The average age of those sampled was 61. Associations between the variables were determined using Pearsonâ�?�?s correlation coefficient, and linear regression analysis was conducted. Findings: This study shows an association between the IP of MI patients and their perceived quality of life. Namely, a patients who perceives his disease in a more positive light sees himself as having a better quality of life (r=0.73, p=0.003). Perceived quality of life will be lower in patients who thinks his disease is chronic (long duration) and not acute (rs=0.36, pâ�?¤0.0001) and the negative feelings attributes to his problem (r=0.42, p=0.02), as long as less sense of control on the disease and the treatment (r=0.039, p=0.003). Conclusions: The components of IP have an effect on the quality of life of acute MI patients. This indicates a need to evaluate and identify the components of the IP among those patients, in order to promote their response to the treatment and their rehabilitation process.

Biography :

Keren Grinberg is working in Ruppin Academic Center in Department of Nursing. Her research interests includes cardiology and its line.