Radiological diagnostic method in subclinical hypothyroidism. | 19679
Endocrinology & Metabolic Syndrome

Endocrinology & Metabolic Syndrome
Open Access

ISSN: 2161-1017

Radiological diagnostic method in subclinical hypothyroidism.

Joint Event on 11th World Congress on Endocrinology and Metabolic Disorders and 2nd International Conference on Thyroid & Pregnancy

September 03-04, 2018 Auckland, New Zealand

Sargar Ramchandra.V., Kurnikova I. A., Tomashevskiy I.O. Skarbkova H.S.

RUDN-university, Russia
Central Clinical Hospital, Russia.

Scientific Tracks Abstracts: Endocrinol Metab Syndr

Abstract :

Purpose of study: To study the diagnostic capabilities of X-ray Computed Tomography (CT) for the evaluation of intrathyroid hormone formation in diseases of the thyroid gland. Material and Methods: Total number of patients were 236 women with thyroid disease, which caused disorders of the thyroid gland function. The control group consisted of individuals of 2 groups; first group who denied contact with iodine; 2) had contact with iodine. All patients were examined in accordance with the standards of care to conduct the evaluation of thyroid CT density in HU. Results: In primary hypothyroidism (= 87), hyperthyroidism (�?? = 35), carriers of antibody (�?? = 28) thyroid HU density was significantly (p <0.05) reduced compared with the control group and was respectively (M ± m) 53 ± 2; 85 �? 9; 84 ± 6 units. With iodine induced hyperthyroidism ( = 8) and hypothyroidism (RL = 11), thyroid density in HU was significantly increased to 182 ± 7 and 181 ± 6 units compared to control group «1» »(CH = 36). In the control group "2" (CHO = 31) who consumed iodized sodium chloride, the thyroid density in HU was significantly increased to 162 ± 7 vs. 104 ± 8 in the control group «1) ». It should be emphasized that the thyroid density in HU, determined at CT, is directly proportional to the concentration of intra thyroid stable iodine. In turn, 80% of the element iodine is in the phenyl ring of thyroid hormones. Consequently, the thyroid density index in HU reflects the level of hormone formation and the reserves of iodinated thyroid hormones directly into the thyroid gland. In this regard, it should be noted that the thyroid gland is the only endocrine organ that, after the synthesis of hormones lasting 50 days, stores them in the thyroid structure (colloid of thyroglobulin) and secretes thyroid hormones into the blood at the request of the body. Based on the literature data and the results of our own research, for all regions of Russia we have proposed the following fluctuations in thyroid density in HU, reflecting the euthyroid status and favorable future of the thyroid function: from 85 to 140 units. In those cases when there is an iodine- induced dysfunction of thyroid function, the thyroid density index in HU is increased above 140. If the synthesis of thyroid hormones (primary hypothyroidism) or synthesis is impossible, but pathological secretion with a lack of fixation in thyroid globulin collagen (diffuse toxic goiter with thyrotoxicosis), the thyroid density in HU decreases less than 85 units. It is important to note that in the determination of TSH in the blood, fasting, the use of a number of drugs, stress, sleep deprivation, severe illnesses of the subject can lead to errors in determining the concentration of TSH and thyroid hormones (due to so-called non thyroidal factors) in the direction of their change as in hypothyroidism with the presence of euthyroidism in fact. In this case, normal thyroid density in HU indicates euthyroidism. Conclusions: One time assessment of thyroid density in HU with CT and blood serum TSH level makes it possible to perform differential diagnosis between iodine induced and true thyroid dysfunction and also to correct for the error in determination of TSH concentration as a result of the influence of non thyroidal factors. Evaluation of thyroid density in HU in CT should be used for screening the risk of thyroid dysfunction and for determining the need for individual and population iodine prophylaxis and monitoring its effectiveness in order to prevent iodine induced transient disorders of thyroid function.

Biography :

Sargar R.V is working in RUDN-University, Moscow, Russia. His wide range of publications in various national and international journals.