Pulmonary damages following electronic cigarette refill liquid ex | 52601
Journal of Clinical Toxicology

Journal of Clinical Toxicology
Open Access

ISSN: 2161-0495

Pulmonary damages following electronic cigarette refill liquid exposure in rats: A comparison to nicotine

4th Global Summit on Toxicology

August 24-26, 2015 Philadelphia, USA

Narges Elgolli1, Yosra Dallagi1, Dalila Rahali1, Nathalie Ba2, Michele Elmay3 and Saloua Elfazaa1

Posters-Accepted Abstracts: J Clin Toxicol

Abstract :

Nicotine, contained in classic cigarettes is known to to have a wide variety of deleterious effects. Electronic cigarettes, as a
substitute to nicotine, are becoming increasingly popular, although there is no evidence regarding their safety. Considering
the dearth of information about e-cigarette toxicity, our study was designed to compare nicotine alone to e-liquid with or without
nicotine on lung histopathology in Wistar rats. E-liquid associated or not associated to nicotine and nicotine alone (0.5 mg/kg of
body weight) were administered intra-peritoneally during 28 days. Histological studies were conducted and hematoxilin-eosin-safran
coloration test was performed While nicotine treated rats exhibited peri-arteriolar fibrosis, lymphocytes infiltration and arteriolar
obstruction, more critical alterations were observed after the e-liquid without nicotine treatment: Peri-arteriolar and peri-bronchiolar
fibrosis, lymphocytes infiltration, arteriolar obstruction and giant cells. Treatment with e-liquid associated to nicotine led to the same
important histo-pathological changes but with additional granulomas. So, e-liquid, per se is able to induce lung toxicity. Furthermore,
e-liquid promotes more damages than nicotine and the combination of the two leads to damages of even more seriousness. E-liquid
must be used with caution.

Biography :

Narges Elgolli has completed her PhD from the University of Paris, VII Denis Diderot in France. She is currently an Assistant Professor Doctor at the Faculty of Sciences,
Tunis University, in the Laboratory of Aggression Physiology and Endocrine Metabolic Studies, in Tunisia.