Prevalence and possible risk factors of anaemia in different trim | 44545
Gynecology & Obstetrics

Gynecology & Obstetrics
Open Access

ISSN: 2161-0932

Prevalence and possible risk factors of anaemia in different trimesters of pregnancy

5th International Conference on Gynecology and Obstetrics

October 08-10, 2018 | Zurich, Switzerland

Harwinder Kaur Cheema

Punjab Institute of Medical Sciences, Jalandhar, India

Scientific Tracks Abstracts: Gynecol Obstet

Abstract :

Introduction: Anaemia in pregnancy is a major health issue with adverse maternal and foetal outcomes worldwide, especially in developing countries like India. Nutritional anaemia in pregnant women continues to be a cause of concern despite the fact that this problem is largely preventable and easily treatable. Objective: This cross-sectional descriptive study was to determine the presence of anaemia in pregnant women in different trimesters, and to assess the possible risk factors of anaemia. Materials & Methods: 300 pregnant women in different trimesters of pregnancy were enrolled coming for the 1st time in outpatient dept. of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, in Punjab Institute of Medical Sciences, Jalandhar from July 2015 to December 2015. Information regarding age, age at marriage, age at 1st pregnancy, parity, Interval between previous and index pregnancy, no of abortions, educational status, dietary habits, Type of family, Socioeconomic status was collected in pre-designed structured schedule after taking written consent from pregnant women attending out-patient department. Haemoglobin estimation was done by Sahli's method and anaemia was graded according to WHO criterion. Statistical analysis was done by percentages and proportions. Results: A high prevalence of anaemia, 65.6% was observed in pregnant women. The current study shows (60%) cases of mild anaemia, (30.4%) of moderate anaemia, and (9.6%) of severe anaemia. The study also observed higher prevalence of anaemia in last trimester of pregnancy (81.4%) as compared to 1st and 2nd trimester which is statistically significant. 90.8% anaemic women had parity >3 as compared to anaemic women with parity 2(56.2%) and parity 1(29.4%) and 87.5% women with spacing between previous and next pregnancy <1 year suffered more from anaemia as compared to women with parity <2 and >3 years space between pregnancies which is statistically significant. In the current study, it was also observed that socio-demographic factors significantly influencing anaemia are educational status, type of family, infrequent consumption of iron-folic acid tablets. Conclusion: Anaemia continues to be a serious health problem in India where the life of pregnant women and her child are endangered. It is directly proportional to parity, less spacing between pregnancies and related to lower educational status. It is highly recommended that more effective guidelines regarding educating girl child, spreading effective awareness regarding balanced diet, regular antenatal check-ups, regular intake of iron-folic acid tab, should start at grass-root levels to get safe motherhood.

Biography :

Harwinder Kaur Cheema is currently working as an Associate Professor in the Department of Obstetrics & Gynaecology at Punjab Institute of Medical Sciences, India. She worked as an Assistant Professor, in the same institution. She has completed her MBBS at Guru Gobind Singh Medical College, Punjab, India and; Master’s in Obstetrics & Gynaecology at Govt. Medical College, Patiala. Currently, she is pursuing advanced course in Medical Education (ACME), approved by the Medical Council of India. She has six original research article publications, in various international research journals. She is a Reviewer of two international research journals related to medical research.