Phytochemical screening of vital secondary metabolites in ethanol | 32186
Journal of Pharmaceutical Care & Health Systems

Journal of Pharmaceutical Care & Health Systems
Open Access

ISSN: 2376-0419

+44 1300 500008

Phytochemical screening of vital secondary metabolites in ethanolic extracts of Calleandria portoricensis

4th African Pharma Congress

June 20-21, 2016 Cape Town, South Africa

Bello Hassan Onimisi, Kasim L S and Adeoti A O

Olabisi Onabanjo University, Nigeria

Posters & Accepted Abstracts: J Pharma Care Health Sys

Abstract :

Calleandria portoricensis is a plant that has a lot of potentials or bioactive compounds. They have been used for different purposes in Nigeria especially in the south-western part of the country. It is called â�?�?tudeâ�? among the yorubas that dominate the south western part of Nigeria. It is majorly used as antifungal and antibacterial in infant diseases. Their antifungal and antibacterial properties might be due to any or some of these chemical compounds or bioactive ingredients that we have identify in these work. The leaf and roots part were cut and dried in the laboratory. After drying, they are grinded and extracted using ethanol. The ethanol extract is kept in 0.9% saline. Phytochemical screenings were carried out on the ethanol extract. The results of the screening shows that flavonoids, cardiac glycosides, steroid, alkaloids were present in the roots and flavonoids, saponin, alkaloids are present in the leaves. Saponins, tannins, steroids, cardiac glycosides, anthraquinine (free and combined) were absent in the leave extract. In the root extract, tannins, saponins, anthraquinines (free and combined) are all absent. From the results, the leafy part of the plant contain more active ingredient than the root part. The mixture of the two also shows a significant amount of the active ingredients.

Biography :