Manganese induced toxic effects on oxidative system and mRNA expr | 50844
Journal of Clinical Toxicology

Journal of Clinical Toxicology
Open Access

ISSN: 2161-0495

+44 1478 350008

Manganese induced toxic effects on oxidative system and mRNA expression of Mn-Sod and GPX in albino rat brain: Protective effect of a-tocopherol

International Toxicology Summit & Expo

November 26-28, 2012 Hilton San Antonio Airport, USA

Bhuvaneswari Devi C, V. Jyotsna and K. Kiran Kumari

Posters: J Clinic Toxicol

Abstract :

M anganese is an essential metal that in excess can be toxic especially to brain. Mn exposure in humans and other animals is known to affect central nervous system. Mn access to its toxic target, the brain, is a complex phenomenon subject to physiological and physiopathological processes in which, among others, the route of exposure plays an important role. The brain is the major target organ for Mn toxicity. It retains Mn much longer than other tissues. Following chronic overexposure, Mn can produce a progressive, permanent neurodegenerative disorder, with few options for treatment and no cure. Oxidative stress plays a key role in manganese-induced neurotoxicity. Therefore the brain is very susceptible to oxidative stress due to its high oxygen consumption. In the present study Manganese was injected intraperitonially( (5 mg/kg b.w., i.p. and 10 mg/kg b.w., i.p.) to the male albino rats and oxidative stress enzymes Super oxide dismutase(SOD),Catalase(CAT),Glutathione peroxidase(GPx) were assayed. SOD isoforms, CAT, GPx were decreased significantly in high and low dose of Manganese exposure in different brain regions (cerebral cortex, cerebellum and hippocampus) leads to alteration in the activity of antioxidant enzymes. Decrease in antioxidant enzymes were more in high dose compared to low dose. Mn-induced neurotoxicity is both dose and time-dependent. Gene expression studies also showed down regulation of Mn- SOD and GPx in dose dependent manner. Our results showed that Vitamin E expressed protective role against toxic influence of Manganese in high and low dose on all examined parameters in rat brain regions