Magnitude and trend of hypertension among student community in th | 32445
Journal of Pharmaceutical Care & Health Systems

Journal of Pharmaceutical Care & Health Systems
Open Access

ISSN: 2376-0419

Magnitude and trend of hypertension among student community in the locality of Lahore, Pakistan

6th Asia-Pacific Pharma Congress

July 11-13, 2016 Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia

Irfan Bashir

The Islamia University of Bhawalpur, Pakistan
Foundation for Young Researchers, Pakistan

Posters & Accepted Abstracts: J Pharma Care Health Sys

Abstract :

Hypertension is a most common cardiovascular disease and a precursor to other major diseases like brain stroke, heart attack, kidney failure as well as myocardial infarction etc. Limited studies have been carried out to check the prevalence of hypertension among student community who are in striving phase of their life. So information about prevalence and risk factors for hypertension among student community is desirable. With a clinically validated sphygmomanometer and stethoscope, resting blood pressure values were measured in 400 respondents. The study population consisted of boys and girls of age 15 to 25 years, who participated in the survey conducted in various educational institutes. Survey was based upon various questions to evaluate dietary habits, obesity factor, routine blood pressure values, and socioeconomic status and personality factors. During the study period, there was an upward trend in B.P. among students community in the locality of Lahore, Pakistan. After adjustment for gender, age and weight status, the prevalence of pre-hypertension and hypertension was found to be 19%. Being overweight was strongly associated with prehypertension and hypertension in comparison with those having normal weight. A considerable rise in cases of hypertension in students can be attributed to their lifestyle, habits and attitude which usually affect them in the form of abnormally high weight and mental stress. Blood pressure can be kept under control by maintaining normal BMI, adapting a healthy lifestyle and having positive reaction to critical circumstances.

Biography :