Macroporous alginate substrate-bound growth of Fe0 nanoparticles: | 17571
Journal of Chemical Engineering & Process Technology

Journal of Chemical Engineering & Process Technology
Open Access

ISSN: 2157-7048


Macroporous alginate substrate-bound growth of Fe0 nanoparticles: Characterization and reactivity for nitrate removal from aqueous solutions

International Conference on Chemical Engineering

September 12-14, 2016 Phoenix, USA

Yoon-Seok Chang

Pohang University of Science and Technology, Republic of Korea

Posters & Accepted Abstracts: J Chem Eng Process Technol

Abstract :

Zero-valent iron nanoparticles (nZVI, Fe0 NPs) are capable of effectively degrading a broad range of environmental contaminants and have been extensively studied as a tool for groundwater remediation. However, Fe0 NPs agglomerate rapidly; this process can significantly decrease their effective surface area and thus significantly reduce their reactivity. One way to overcome this problem is to develop chemically-stable composite materials that can reduce the agglomeration of Fe0 NPs. Herein, to solve these problems, macroporous alginate substrate-supported Fe0 NPs (Fe0 NPs/MAS) were firstly synthesized by a two-part Fe0 NP-immobilization approach: 1) The fabrication of a macroporous alginate substrate (MAS) that provided a large surface area capable of sustaining a high load of stable and well-dispersed Fe0 NPs (26.06 wt.%); and 2) a facile chemical reductive growth procedure to generate Fe0 NPs (ca. 50-100 nm) that are covalently anchored to the surface of the MAS. Batch experiments were further carried out to elucidate the efficiency of the Fe0 NPs/MAS towards nitrate removal from aqueous solution. Compositional and structural characterizations showed that the reductively grown hemispherical shaped-Fe0 NPs were covalently immobilized onto MAS mainly though Fe��?O��?C connections, which improved not only Fe0 NPs stability but also their reactivity. The Fe0 NPs/MAS removed >96.5% of nitrates from an aqueous solution within 30 minutes, whereas unsupported Fe0 NPs that removed only 44.7% of nitrates over a longer period of time. These results demonstrate that the enhanced efficiency of Fe0 NPs/MAS is mainly due to agglomeration-prevention effect. On the basis of our experimental results, immobilization of Fe0 NPs through the alginate substrate-bound growth was expected to help develop practical applications for Fe0 NPs in environmental remediation, such as reactive media in permeable reactive barriers (PRBs) or an in-situ subsurface reagent.

Biography :