Lipoplexes and shock waves: A promising strategy for gene therapy
Advancements in Genetic Engineering

Advancements in Genetic Engineering
Open Access

ISSN: 2169-0111

+44 20 3868 9735

Lipoplexes and shock waves: A promising strategy for gene therapy

International Conference on Genetic Engineering & Genetically Modified Organisms

August 12-13, 2013 DoubleTree by Hilton, Raleigh, NC, USA

Luz M. Lopez-Marin, Blanca E. Millan-Chiu, Alfredo Varela-Echavarria, Francisco Fernandez and Achim M. Loske

Posters: Adv Genet Eng

Abstract :

Background: Non-viral gene therapy has a great potential for the treatment of diseases. Both chemical and physical strategies of gene transfer have being explored; however, there is an urgent need to improve their efficacy. Objective: The aim of this study is to investigate a combination of DNA/cationic lipid nano-assembly and shock wave-mediated acoustic cavitation for in vitro transfection of human cells. Methods: Cell membrane permeabilizing shock waves were established by monitoring the entry of fluorescent dyes, using confocal microscopy and fluorescence-assisted cell sorting analyses. Cell transfection experiments were performed in HEK 293 cells by employing a green fluorescent protein-codifying plasmid, either naked or complexed with cationic lipids. Results: Cells were permeabilized and transfected after 1 to 3 min treatments with 60 to 180 shock waves using peak positive pressure amplitudes of 12.3 1.5 MPa. The use of DNA/cationic lipid assemblies increased exogenous protein expression 3.8- and 3.1-fold, compared to cells transfected only by shock waves or cationic lipids, respectively. Conclusion: Our data showed that a combination of cationic DNA nano-assemblies and shock waves promote high levels of foreign gene expression in human cells, thus encouraging the study of this approach for gene therapy applications.

Biography :

Luz M. Lopez-Marin received her M.Sc. and Ph.D. in Biochemistry from the Paul Sabatier University, Toulouse, France. She has been studying the immune response to infectious diseases at the National University of Mexico (UNAM) since 1994 and joined the Center of Applied Physics and Advanced Technology, within the same university, in 2010. She has published more than 25 papers in reputed journals.