Induced electrochemical stability of quasi-solid-state electrolyt | 18630
Journal of Chemical Engineering & Process Technology

Journal of Chemical Engineering & Process Technology
Open Access

ISSN: 2157-7048

Induced electrochemical stability of quasi-solid-state electrolyte containing SiO2 nanoparticles for Li-O2 battery

3rd International Conference on Chemical Engineering

October 02-04, 2017 Chicago, USA

Soonchul Kwon, Taeyoon Kim, Junebae Lee and Yongju Kwon

Pusan National University, South Korea

Posters & Accepted Abstracts: J Chem Eng Process Technol

Abstract :

A stable electrolyte is required for use in the open-packing environment of a Li-O2 battery system. Herein, a gelled quasi-solid-state electrolyte containing SiO2 nanoparticles was designed, in order to obtain a solidified electrolyte with a high discharge capacity and long cyclability. We successfully fabricated an organic-inorganic hybrid matrix with a gelled structure, which exhibited high ionic conductivity, thereby enhancing the discharge capacity of the Li-O2 battery. In particular, the improved electrochemical stability of the gelled cathode led to long-term cyclability. The organic-inorganic hybrid matrix with the gelled structure played a beneficial role in improving the ionic conductivity and long-term cyclability and diminished electrolyte evaporation. The experimental and theoretical findings both suggest that the preferential binding between amorphous SiO2 and polyethylene glycol dimethyl ether (PEGDME) solvent led to the formation of the solidified gelled electrolyte and improved electrochemical stability during cycling, while enhancing the stability of the quasi-solid state Li-O2 battery. We initially examined the morphology and appearance of the SiO2 gellant PEGDME 500 electrolytes containing 5 wt.% SiO2, as shown in Figures 1a and b. The transmission electron microscopy (TEM) image shows solid SiO2 nanoparticles that are 10 nm in diameter. With an addition of 5 wt.% SiO2 nanoparticles, the PEGDME 500 electrolyte becomes paste-like. We assembled the Li-O2 battery cell by stacking the Li metal, electrolyte-soaked Celgard�?® film, Li-conducting LTAP solid electrolyte, cathode and gas diffusion layer, in order from the bottom to top, as shown in the schematic illustration in Figure 1d. All the components were pressed uniformly to form a Li-O2 cell and the configuration. Using the assembled Li-O2 cells, we compared the electrochemical performance of the gelled and conventional PEGDME 500 cathodes. The former yielded a significant specific capacity during the full discharge/charge process (Figure 2a). Note that the cells were maintained in a constantcurrent discharge with a current density of 500 mAâ�?�?gâ�?�?1 and cutoff voltage of 1.8 V. A stable discharging plateau was observed at 2.67 V for both the cells. During charging, the cells were subjected to a constant current of 500 mAâ�?�?gâ�?�?1 to 4.6 V, and maintained at 4.6 V until the current decreased to 10% of the initial current density. Interestingly, the first discharging capacity for the gelled cathode is higher by 13% (to 4600 mAhâ�?�?gâ�?�?1) compared to the PEGDME 500 cathode (~4000 mAhâ�?�?gâ�?�?1). From the cyclic performance results, it is worth noting that the gelled cathode delivers as much as 50% higher cyclability over its PEGDME 500 and 1000 counterparts (Figure 2d).