HDAC7-derived 7-amino acid peptide functions as a phosphate group | 54612
Clinical & Experimental Cardiology

Clinical & Experimental Cardiology
Open Access

ISSN: 2155-9880

+44 1300 500008

HDAC7-derived 7-amino acid peptide functions as a phosphate group transfer

13th European Cardiology Conference

December 05-06, 2016 Madrid, Spain

Lingfang Zeng and Junyao Yang

King��?s College London, UK

Scientific Tracks Abstracts: J Clin Exp Cardiolog

Abstract :

Histone deacetylase 7 (HDAC7) belongs to the class II HDAC family and plays a pivotal role in the maintenance of endothelium integrity. There are 8 splicing variants in mouse HDAC7 mRNAs. Within the 5â�?�? terminal non-coding area of some variants, there exist some short open reading frames (sORFs). Whether these sORFs can be translated and whether the resulting peptides play roles in cellular physiology remain unclear. In this study, we demonstrated that one sORF encoding a 7-amino-acid (7-aa) peptide could be translated in vascular progenitor cells (VPCs). Importantly, this 7-aa peptide (7A) could transfer the phosphate group from the phosphorylated Ser393 site of MEKK1 to the Thr145 site of 14-3-3�?³ protein. The phosphorylated 7A (7Ap) could then directly phosphorylate 14-3-3�?³ protein in a cell-free, in-gel buffer system. In vitro functional analyses revealed that 7A and 7Ap increased VPC self-renewal and migration and enhanced vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF)-induced VPC migration and differentiation toward the endothelial cell (EC) lineage, in which MEKK1 and 14-3-3�?³ served as the upstream kinase and the downstream effector, respectively. Knockdown of either MEKK1 or 14-3-3�?³ attenuated VEGF-induced VPC migration and differentiation. Exogenous 7Ap could rescue the effect of VEGF on the MEKK1 siRNA-transfected VPCs but not on the 14-3-3�?³ siRNA-transfected VPCs. In vivo studies revealed that 7A, especially 7Ap, induced capillary vessel formation in Matrigel plug assays, increased re-endothelialization and suppressed neointima formation in the femoral artery injury model and promoted foot blood perfusion recovery in the hind limb ischemia model by increasing Sca1+ cell niche formation. These results indicate that the sORFs within the non-coding area can be translated and that 7A may play an important role in cellular processes, such as proliferation, migration and differentiation by acting as a phosphorylation carrier.

Biography :

Lingfang Zeng has completed his PhD from Beijing Normal University, China. He is currently a Senior Lecturer in the Cardiovascular Division, Faculty of Life Science and Medicine, King’s College London. He has published more than 40 papers in reputed journals and has been serving as an Editorial Board Member of repute.