+44 20 3868 9735
Soares F A A, Dobrachinski F, Gerbatin R R, Sartori G, Rechia M R and Royes L F
Posters-Accepted Abstracts: J Clin Toxicol
Traumatic brain injury (TBI) is caused by a blow to the head or a penetrating injury that disrupts the normal function of the brain.
TBI patients demonstrate a number of complications such as memory loss, anxiety and depression. Guanosine (GUO) has been
implicated in neuroprotection through the modulation of glutamatergic system. The objective was to evaluate whether treatment with
GUO was able to avoid the behavioral and biochemical alterations caused by TBI. The animals were anesthetized, the cannula was
placed over the craniotomy with dental cement and the TBI were realized. After 1hof GUO treatment (7.5 mg/Kg intraperitoneal)
was started and continued daily until 20 days. To evaluate the potential target of guanosine action, adenosinergic antagonists were
tested (SCH 582610.05 mg/kg and 1 mg DPCPX/ kgip, 15 min after TBI). Locomotor activity was measured in the open field test
starting on day 6 after the TBI until the day 9. In a day, 14 anxieties were evaluated, in days 15 and 16 the step-down passive avoidance
task was used to study non-spatial short and long term memory and in days 19 and 20, the novel object recognition test was applied.
After the behavioral evaluation of animals, the brains were dissected and the expression of some proteins related to synaptic plasticity
(CREB, BDNF, synaptophysin and GAP-43) were evaluated in the hippocampus. The locomotor activity was not altered in any of
the groups. TBI group demonstrated a significant increase in anxiety behavior and a significant decrease of nonspatial short and
long term memory. However, the GUO treatment shows an improvement in behavioral outcomes. DPCPX administration blocked
the effect of GUO in the behavioral tests. Moreover, TBI group shows a decrease of synpatic protein expression (Creb, BDNF and
GAP-43) and GUO treatment shows an improvement of this protein expression. Corroborate of previous results, DPCPX blocked
the effect of GUO. GUO was able to avoid the behavioral and biochemical changes caused by TBI, and this effect seems to be related
to Purinergic system.