Antonio Almeida, Helder Migue Fernandes, Nelson Sousa, Victor Machado Reis, Maria Joao Monteiro, Vitor Rodrigues and Romeu Mendes
University of Tras-os-Montes e Alto Douro, Portugal
CIDESD - Research Center in Sports Sciences, Health Sciences and Human Development, Portugal
Public Health Unit, ACES Douro I - Marao e Douro Norte, Portugal
Posters-Accepted Abstracts: Endocrinol Metab Syndr
It is widely accepted that diabetes mellitus due to its related complications causes an important decrease in health-related quality of life (HRQOL). This study aimed to analyze the influence of gender on HRQOL in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2D). The SF-36v2 questionnaire was administered to 95 individuals with T2D (47 women and 48 men; 66.23 ÃÂ± 6.34 years old) and comparisons by gender were performed for each SF-36v2 scale (physical functioning, PF; role physical, RP; bodily pain, BP; general health, GH; vitality, VT; social functioning, SF; role emotional, RE; mental health, MH) and summary scales (physical component score, PCS; mental component score, MCS). Significant differences were observed between women and men on the scales PF (65.32 ÃÂ± 21.35 vs. 78.44 ÃÂ± 19.92, p = 0.003), BP (58.72 ÃÂ± 29.65 vs. 75.10 ÃÂ± 26.35, p = 0.005), VT (57.87 ÃÂ± 23.56 vs. 70.73 ÃÂ± 19,24, p = 0.004), SF (79.79 ÃÂ± 20.61 vs. 88.02 ÃÂ± 16.50, p = 0.034), RE (75.00 ÃÂ± 23,18 vs. 85.76 ÃÂ±18,35, p = 0.014), MH (65.96 ÃÂ± 23.38 vs. 79.00 ÃÂ± 14.04, p = 0.001), and summary scales PCS (42.93 ÃÂ± 9.95 vs. 47.33 ÃÂ± 9.92, p = 0.034) and MCS (51.19 ÃÂ± 9.65 vs. 55.03 ÃÂ± 7.46, p = 0.032). Our results suggest that women with T2D report lower values than men on most of the HRQOL scales and that special attention should be given to these womenÃ¢ÂÂs well-being needs.
Antonio Almeida is an Assistant Lecturer at the Nursing School of Vila Real in the University of Tras-os-Montes e Alto Douro (Portugal) and a researcher in CIDESD – Research Center for Sports Sciences, Health Sciences and Human Development. He holds a Master of Science degree in Nursing and he is a PhD candidate in Sports Sciences in the field of physical activity and well-being.
Email: [email protected]