From melanopsins to clock genes: Hormone regulation and signal tr | 15402
Endocrinology & Metabolic Syndrome

Endocrinology & Metabolic Syndrome
Open Access

ISSN: 2161-1017

From melanopsins to clock genes: Hormone regulation and signal transduction

2nd International Conference on Endocrinology

October 20-22, 2014 DoubleTree by Hilton Hotel Chicago-North Shore, USA

Ana Maria L Castrucci, Maristela O Poletini, Maria Nathalia C M Moraes, Jennifer C Sousa and Nathana F Mezzalira

Scientific Tracks Abstracts: Endocrinol Metab Synd

Abstract :

The photopigment melanopsin has been initially cloned from the frog, Xenopus laevis, melanophore. It has since then been found in the retina of all vertebrates, including humans. In mammals, melanopsin is expressed in a subpopulation of retinal ganglion cells and is responsible for capturing light to entrain the biological clock, the suprachiasmatic nucleus, located in the hypothalamus. It is now well accepted that many organs and tissues possess the molecular machinery to express the clock proteins and are, therefore, considered as peripheral clocks. We have been using cultured cells of the teleost Danio rerio, the frog Xenopus laevis and the mouse Mus musculus (C57black) to investigate the regulation of the photopigments rhodopsin and melanopsin, and the clock genes Per, Cry, Clock and Bmal1 by light and hormones. Danio rerio cell line ZEM- 2S possesses 5 melanopsins, Xenopus laevis melanophores express 2 melanopsins and the mouse melanocyte cell line B16-F10 expresses rhodopsin, what enable these cells to respond to light. We will discuss the effects of glucocorticoids - a known mammalian fibroblast synchronizer - on Danio ZEM-2S cells and on mouse melanocytes, and of endothelin, melatonin and α-MSH - agonists of pigment cell granule translocation - on Xenopus melanophores. To conclude, we will compare the lightand hormone-activated signaling pathways leading to clock gene modulation in these two cell lines.

Biography :

Ana Maria L Castrucci has completed her PhD at the age of 26 years from the University of S�o Paulo, Brazil and postdoctoral studies with Professor Mac E. Hadley from University of Arizona, USA. She is full professor in the Department of Physiology, Institute of Biosciences, University of S�o Paulo. She has been a visiting professor at the Uniformed Services University of the Health Sciences, in Maryland and at the University of Virginia, in Virginia. She has tutored 17 master and 10 PhD students, and published more than 128 papers in reputed journals.